The preparation and use of Explosives (2014 Chemistry Project)
Or a necessary evil for production?
-Karan Maitra XI-B (Gems Modern Academy)
Karan Maitra XI â€“ B GMA
Energy levels of explosives
Low energy levels : Most home use explosives have low energy levels. Even things like flares are classified under this term. They do not â€˜explodeâ€™ per say, rather they deflagrate. The energy level of an explosion is classified by the ability of the substance to transfer heat from layer to layer all the way to the outermost part. Low energy explosives take longer to do so therefore they do not produce very harmful explosions. Their reaction speed is relatively slower. High ...view middle of the document...
This is NOT Meth!
Karan Maitra XI â€“ B GMA
Tri-nitro-toluene(aka T.N.T) â€“ C7H5N3O6
In industry, TNT is produced in a three-step process. First, toluene is nitrated with a mixture of sulfuric and nitric acid to produce mono-nitro-toluene (MNT). The MNT is separated and then renitrated to di-nitro-toluene or DNT. In the final step, the DNT is nitrated to trinitrotoluene or TNT using anhydrous mixture of nitric acid and oleum. Nitric acid is consumed by the manufacturing process, but the diluted sulfuric acid can be re-concentrated and reused. Subsequent to nitration, TNT is stabilized by a process called sulphitation, where the crude TNT is treated with aqueous sodium sulfite solution in order to remove less stable isomers of TNT and other undesired reaction products. The rinse water from sulphitation is known as red water and is a significant pollutant and waste product of TNT manufacture
Uses : ï‚· ï‚· ï‚· Used to blow up rocks while mining and digging through terrain for construction Used in demolition of structures Military grade explosive used in warfare both close and long range
M107 Artillery shells TNT based explosive. Have fuses fitted.
Detonation of the 500-ton TNT explosive charge as part of Operation Sailor Hat in 1965. The white blast-wave is visible on the water surface and a shock condensation Karan Maitra cloud is visible overhead. XI â€“ B GMA
These types of explosives are very dangerous as they can be molded into any shape and are very difficult to detect. They generally have High explosive velocity and a low sensitivity and so are ideal for explosives. They need a blasting cap to be detonated as they have a low sensitivity and have a high explosion temperature. Blasting caps generally consist of lead azide or mercury fulminate.
C4 Plastic explosive
It is very...