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How Was Racism Leveled At The Mexicans Instrumental The Commitment To The War Effort For Anglo American Expansionism

1176 words - 5 pages

In Mexican American war, racism was instrumental to the commitment to the war effort for Anglo-American expansionism. The ideas of racism served as a tool of rationale for ones who desired a war and for the ones who were against it. The war between the United States and Mexico had two basic causes. First, was the desire of the U.S. to expand across the North American continent to the Pacific. And the second basic cause of the war was the Texas War of Independence and the annexation of that area to the United States. During the progressing events, quite few people of American elite did not support the idea of the war. However, that same elite was not against the idea of expansionism. American ...view middle of the document...

I said that in my opinion we had ample cause of war and that it was impossible . . . that I could remain silent much longer. . that the country was excited and impatient on the subject. . . .The thought of racial superiority played a significant role in the opinions of Americans during that time. American expansionists believed in the right of teaching Mexican people the "right" way. They wanted to "Americanize" them. Racism was a motive for Americans to support the war:Accompanying all this aggressiveness was the idea that the United States would be giving the blessings of liberty and democracy to more people. This was intermingled with ideas of racial superiority, longings for the beautiful lands of New Mexico and California, and thoughts of commercial enterprise across the Pacific. The American Review talked of Mexicans yielding to a "superior population, insensibly oozing into her territories, changing her customs and out-living, out-trading, exterminating her weaker blood. . . "People who were in favor of the war referred to a doctrine of "manifest destiny which contained the theory of the belief that the U.S. had a God-given right to occupy and "civilize" the continent. That way of thinking gained favor as more Americans settled the western lands:The Congressional Globe of February 11, 1847, reported:Mr. Giles, of Maryland -I take it for granted, that we shall gain territory and must gain territory, before we shut the gates of the temple of Janus.... We must march from ocean to ocean....We must march from Texas straight to the Pacific ocean, and be bounded only by its roaring wave....It is destiny of the white race, it is the destiny of Anglo-Saxon race....Also, racism was used as one of the reason for the opposition of war as well. People who criticized the war were not against the expansion but rather the methods of conquest. "The Whig party was presumably against the war in Mexico, but it was not against expansion. The Whig wanted California, but preferred to do it without war." "The United States will conquer Mexico, but it will be as the man swallows arsenic, which brings him down in turn. Mexico will poison us." Southerners people argued against admitting Mexican people into the union of the United States:The second group was composed of Southerners who realized that...

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