INTRODUCTION TO STRATEGIC STUDIES
â€œHow was Sun Tzuâ€™s philosophy applied in the Omaha beach landingâ€
During World War II, the Battle of Normandy, which lasted from June 1944 to August 1944, resulted in the Allieod liberation of Western Europe from Nazi Germanyâ€™s control. Code named Operation Overlord, the battle began on June 6, 1944, also known as D-Day, when American, British and Canadian forces landed on five beaches along a 50-mile stretch of the heavily fortified coast of Franceâ€™s Normandy region. The invasion was one of the largest amphibious military assaults in history and required extensive planning. Prior to D-Day, the ...view middle of the document...
Through ultra, the British knew what the Germans were thinking, what their perceptions were of the battle field. Thus they were able to feed German spies information that reinforces those misconceptions. In order to win our enemy, we must be able to read the mind of our enemy.
â€œWar is based 0n deceptionâ€
â€œAll warfare is based on deception. Hence, when able to attack, we must seem unable; when using our forces, we must seem inactive; when we are near, we must make the enemy believe we are far away. When far away, we must make him believe we are near. Hold out baits to entice the enemy. Feign disorder, and crush him.â€ Sun Tzu, Sun-Tzu: The Art of Warfare
In World War II when the allied went to invade Europe, Nazi Germany knew that were coming, but they did not know when and where. The only question was where? There were only three possible locations where the allies could land were Pas de Calais, Cherbourg peninsula or the Normandy beaches. Where they could provide air support the allies would only attack those locations. Even with air support the allies knew that beach invasion of Europe is very impossible. Instead of a direct attack, the allies follow Sun Tzu principle of deception and make the Germans believe that the attack would not take place at Normandy. What the allies were able to do with the clever use of deception as well as with clear military principle was to make the Germans believe when it came it would come from Pas de Calais but in fact they were coming from Normandy. The allies create a fake army that appears to strike Pas de Calais. Plywood and canvas installation were constructed, inflatable tanks and planes, trucks were used to fool Germans. Eisenhower shows the Germans his fake army but keeps his real fighting force in absolute secret. (http://padresteve.com/2011/06/05/an-introduction-to-d-day-and-the-normandy-campaign/, 2011)
Sun Tzuâ€™s principle of death ground was seen on the beaches of Normandy. There was no option that the soldiers can turn back coz the ocean was behind them when they landed on the beaches. They with full gear and could not possibly swim back to England. Because they could not go back, but were on death ground, they fought with unusual courage, and were victorious in what seemed like a completely hopeless situation. That battle on the beaches of Normandy was crucial of course, and the Nazis were defeated definitely because the allies stood on death ground, and...