Positive characteristics of Human Behavior in Organization
Interdisciplinary field of study
Although it draws most heavily from the psychological and sociological sciences, it also looks to other scientific fields of study for insights. One of the main reasons for this interdisciplinary approach is because the field of organizational behavior involves multiple levels of analysis, which are necessary to understand behavior within organizations because people do not act in isolation. That is, workers influence their environment and are also influenced by their environment.
Table 1.1. Toward on OB discipline
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2.1 Major Characteristics
Following are the major characteristics of Organization behavior :
1. Interdisciplinary. Organizational behavior is interdisciplinary orientation that integrates behavioral sciences in understanding behavior and performance. It draws heavily on knowledge about behavior generated in the social sciences of psychology, sociology, and anthropology.
2. Behavioral Science Foundation. The behavioral sciences—psychology, sociology and anthropology have provided the basic philosophy, characteristics of science, and principles that are so freely borrowed by the field of organizational behavior. The social sciences of economics, political science, and history have had a secondary impact on the field.
3. Scientific Method Foundation. OB had inherited the tradition of scientific method in its investigations from its parent disciplines. The scientific methods emphasizes the use of logic and theory in formulating research questions and the systematic use of objective data in answering such questions.
4. Three Levels of Analysis. The OB is unique in its approach to behavior because it encompasses three levels of analysis, individual, group, and formal organization. In addition, all three levels are treated with equal importance and needs to be scientifically studied.
5. Contingency Orientation. The term contingency orientation reflects the need to consider the situation and individuals involved before drawing conclusions about behavior. The OB field has no universally applicable set of prescriptions for managers.
6. Concern for Application. The OB researcher must always be concerned with understanding real events in actual organizations and with communicating results in a meaningful fashion to practicing managers.
THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
There are three behavioral sciences: psychology (the study of individual behavior), sociology (the study of social behavior within societies, institutions,...