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Human Diseases Essay

764 words - 4 pages

Iron deficiency anemia is a condition where the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. Iron deficiency is also known as too little iron. Lily’s body needs iron to produce hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the part of the red blood cells that give blood its red color. Hemoglobin also carries oxygenated blood to the body. That is the main reason why Lily is tired all the time. Vegetarians, frequent blood donators, infants and children, and women are all risk factors for iron deficiency anemia. It is caused by a poor iron diet; the body doesn’t absorb the iron well, long-term slow blood loss, and rapid growth. Lily shows some of the common symptoms for iron deficiency anemia, pale ...view middle of the document...

A person with sickle cell anemia has crescent moon shaped blood cells. When blood cells have this shape they get stuck and block blood flow and oxygen to the body. Davon carries some of the risk factors for sickle cell anemia. He is African American and his mother carries the gene. Davon has no complaints of symptoms. Symptoms can include “anemia, episodes of pain, hand-foot syndrome, frequent infections, delayed growth, and vision problems” ("Webmd", 2012). Davon personally can’t do anything to prevent the disease. His parents could have spoken with a genetic counselor to see the risk of having a child with the disease. Preventative measures are limited as this is an inherited disease. “Sickle cell anemia is an inherited disease” ("Nhlbi", n.d.). A person can take folic acid supplements, drink plenty of water, avoid temperature extremes, reduce stress, exercise regularly, use over-the-counter medicines with caution, fly on planes with pressurized cabins, and plan ahead when traveling to high-altitude areas. These are all home remedies and lifestyles ones should live by.
“Thrombocytopenia is a condition in which there is a deficient number of circulating platelets”. ("Health Central", 2012). Platelets are your colorless blood cells that help the blood to clot. Thrombocytopenia can be acquired or congenital. With either congenital or acquired it usually results because of defective...

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