Human Resource Management Paradigm Essay

1308 words - 6 pages

STUDENT ZONE

Chapter 1
Human Resource Management Phenomenon

CHAPTER OVERVIEW

This chapter introduces you to the human resource management (HRM) paradigm. HRM is defined and the tenets of the various HRM models are explained. The central importance of the nature of the employment relationship to HRM is explained, and the chapter draws attention to four aspects: economic, legal, social and psychological. Emphasis is given to understanding competing normative HRM models rather than to practical HRM activities. Evidence of the extensiveness of HRM is also provided. You may wish to refer back throughout your HRM course to Figure 1.3 that provides a framework for ...view middle of the document...

The HRM phenomenon is explained in terms of the renaissance of ‘market disciplines’ and the challenge to government intervention in the economy.

Management and human resource management

After defining HRM, the terms ‘human resources’ and ‘management’ are explained.

HRM in practice 1.1 - ‘Rail firms shunt ‘old BR way’ into sidings

This example illustrates how some organizations are focusing on developing their ‘human resources’ and the importance being attached to the fundamental ideas of workplace learning and competencies.

a) People determine organizational outcomes. Employees are problematic because: people have dual natures; people form groups; people have freedom of choice. Managers therefore have to deal with a range of issues, tensions and contradictions arising at individual, group, and organizational levels.

b) Management as science, practice, politics and control. (See Figure 1.1)

The nature of the employment relationship

Four main components of the employment relationship are discussed: economic, legal, social and psychological.

The extended discussion on the psychological contract reflects recent interest in this topic in the HRM discourse (See Figure 1.2)

Human resource management functions

To explore HRM functions the text addresses three questions: What do HR professionals do? What affects what they do? And how do HR professionals do what they do? We identify eight key HRM functions to answer the first question, including planning, staffing, developing, motivating, maintaining, managing relationships, managing change and evaluating.

We also identify three broad contingencies: external context, strategy and organizational design to address the question ‘What affects what HR professionals do?’ And a range of technical, cognitive and interpersonal processes and skills are used to accomplish HR functions. (See Figure 1.3)

Theoretical perspectives on HRM

It is evident from reviewing the literature that the meaning and theoretical significance of HRM is contested. The controversy centres on at least two fundamental questions: (1) What exactly does HRM mean and how, if at all, does it differ from personnel management? (2) What core values underlie the HRM model?

The text examines five theoretical models of HRM that Seek to define the salient features of HRM. It also explains the meaning of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ versions of HRM.

(a) Fombrun, Tichy and Devanna model of HRM (See Figure 1.4)

(b) Harvard model of HRM (See Figure 1.5)

(c) Guest model of HRM (See Tables 1.1 and 1.2)

a) Warwick model of HRM (See Figure 1.6)

c) Storey model of HRM (See Table 1.3)

HRM versus personnel management: the review of the HRM models emphasizes a number of differences between the ‘new’ HRM and traditional personnel management....

Other Essays Like Human Resource Management Paradigm

Human Resource Management Essay

4635 words - 19 pages | Human Resource Management | A case study of Harrods | | | | | Executive Summary The main three aspects of the human resource management are to select, recruit and develop the human resources. Through the human resource management the organization can make a good relationship with the collective bargaining agreement (CBA) and other labour unions. Previously consolidation, globalization, technological development etc. are

Hrm - Human Resource Management Essay

2352 words - 10 pages more essential. In recent years, many individuals demanded for a more strategic approach to managing people in a firm, rather than the traditional methods, and thus the idea of strategic human resource management (SHRM) was adopted. Strategic human resource management is a branch of human resource management, and it can be defined as ‘ the linking of human resources with strategic goals and objectives in order to improve business performance and

Human Resource Management

1297 words - 6 pages Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 KEYWORDS 3 Abstract 3 Importance of Strategic Human Resource Management: 3 The current structure of HRM at Bizsoft: 4 Why is strategic human resource management important? 4 Human Resource Planning (HRP) 5 Human resource Planning Process 5 Human Resource Plan on recruitment 8 How it will match the needs: 9 Bizsoft: Gap Analysis 10 HR policies 11 Documents containing policies and procedures

Human Resource Management

2098 words - 9 pages NAME OF THE PAPER STUDENT’S NAME COURSE NUMBER AND NAME INSTRUCTOR’S NAME DATE SUBMITTED As the primary function of the human resource management is to increase the effectiveness and contribution of the employees in order to attain the selected organization goals and objectives all of the areas that were discussed is needed in order to run the company effectively. In this reflective these areas that were discussed are going to be

Human Resource Management - 1380 words

1380 words - 6 pages Examination Paper of Human Resource Management 1 IIBM Institute of Business Management IIBM Institute of Business Management Examination Paper MM.100 Human Resource Management Subject Code-B102 Section A: Objective Type & Short Questions (30 marks)  This section consists of Multiple Choice and Short Answer type questions.  Answer all the questions.  Objective Question carries 1 mark each &Short Question carries 5 marks each. Part

Human Resource Management - 1383 words

1383 words - 6 pages Examination Paper of Human Resource Management IIBM Institute of Business Management Examination Paper MM.100 Human Resource Management Subject Code-B102 Section A: Objective Type & Short Questions (30 marks)      This section consists of Multiple Choice and Short Answer type questions.  Answer all the questions.  Objective Question carries 1 mark each &Short Question carries 5 marks each. Part One Multiple Choices: 1. It is a

Human Resource Management - 1383 words

1383 words - 6 pages Examination Paper of Human Resource Management IIBM Institute of Business Management Examination Paper MM.100 Human Resource Management Subject Code-B102 Section A: Objective Type & Short Questions (30 marks)      This section consists of Multiple Choice and Short Answer type questions.  Answer all the questions.  Objective Question carries 1 mark each &Short Question carries 5 marks each. Part One Multiple Choices: 1. It is a

Human Resource Management - 1383 words

1383 words - 6 pages Examination Paper of Human Resource Management IIBM Institute of Business Management Examination Paper MM.100 Human Resource Management Subject Code-B102 Section A: Objective Type & Short Questions (30 marks)      This section consists of Multiple Choice and Short Answer type questions.  Answer all the questions.  Objective Question carries 1 mark each &Short Question carries 5 marks each. Part One Multiple Choices

Human Resource Management - 1383 words

1383 words - 6 pages Examination Paper of Human Resource Management IIBM Institute of Business Management Examination Paper MM.100 Human Resource Management Subject Code-B102 Section A: Objective Type & Short Questions (30 marks)      This section consists of Multiple Choice and Short Answer type questions.  Answer all the questions.  Objective Question carries 1 mark each &Short Question carries 5 marks each. Part One Multiple Choices

Human Resource Management - 1438 words

1438 words - 6 pages Health Care Human Resources Management Health Services Human Resource Health Care Human Resources Management As the Human Resource Manager of Harrisburg Community Hospital, I am proposing the following strategies in the Human Resource department in order to improve effectiveness and partnership within the hospital. Current trends for hiring should be analyzed in order to ensure that hospital practices are up to date and relevant to

Human Resource Management - 1431 words

1431 words - 6 pages Within my assignment I would be looking at the effective operation of the human resource management, in terms of recruitment, as well as selection. Within these topics I would be critically discuss how they contribute to organisations, as well as the effect they have on the business. Select two topics from the list below and critically discuss how they contribute to the effective operation of the Human Resouce Management function. Your

Related Papers

Human Resource Management Roles Essay

620 words - 3 pages Human Resource Management’s Role in the Health Care Industry HCS/341 Human Resources in Health Care January 9, 2012 Diane Rodriguez   Human Resource Management’s Role in the Health Care Industry Human Resource Management helps healthcare organizations maintain a great relationship between the employees and their organization. Human Resource department of an organization has multiple responsibilities and its primary purpose is to

Strategic Human Resource Management Essay

1736 words - 7 pages Abstract Human resources refers to the sum of the ability to work within a certain range of the overall population; or means the sum of intellectual and physical labor ability which can contribute to the entire economic and social development. The focus of human resource management (HRM) is on managing people within the employer-employee relationship. Specifically, it involves the productive use of people in achieving the organization’s

Human Resource Management Essay 1732 Words

1732 words - 7 pages WEBSTER UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT RESEARCH ESSAY Human Resource Management Discuss how the practices of human resource management can give an organization the competitive advantage, particularly in the areas of recruitment, training and diversity management. Due Date: 1 Sept, 2004. There are a number of factors that contribute to the success of an organization. It is not only the quality of the physical resources or the

Human Resource Management Essay 3672 Words

3672 words - 15 pages human resource management human resource management Portfolio Project Portfolio Project HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT 1 HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Portfolio Project Angela r. harris BUS/215 April 10, 2016 Dr. k. chamberland HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT 2