The Human Tendencies
Human tendencies are creative impulses that guide human beings in the development of broad potentialities. It is an energy that is so powerful, it is created. These creative possibilities urge the individual and the social group towards progress with a sense of fulfillment. Dr. Maria Montessori believed that children are born with incredible learning potentialities and an intrinsic desire to explore, discover, and learn about their world. She believed that all children are born with potentialities: the ability to crawl, to walk, to talk, etc. It is the human tendencies that guide them to these potentialities.
Through years of insightful observations of the ...view middle of the document...
Maria Montessori (The Human Tendencies and Montessori Education, Pg. 11). It is true that conditions can change, but there are certain things that do not change. Referring to clothes as an example, fashion is always changing, from low-rise jeans to high-waistedskirts. But if it is cold, the thingthat will not go out of fashion are clothes. That is its basis. There are basic factors that do not change but what may change is what is given to the child. These factors make the child adapted to any society. These important factors are the â€˜human tendenciesâ€™.
Characteristics of the Human Tendencies are:
They are inherited, therefore innate and natural. We are born with them, the drives are within us. Directs the child; Canâ€™t help themselves.
Permanent, in the sense that they are all continuously expressed throughout an individualâ€™s life. (From birth to death, we have the tendency to communicate, etc.)
Their expression varies with respect to the individualâ€™s temperament and stage/plane of development**, i.e. sensitive periods. **(Depends on where you are developmentally, the expression of human tendencies will be different; birth, adolescent, etc.) Temperament is the base of personality. It is the configuration of genes: thresholds (biological).
Act spontaneously, as they are â€“ in essence- unconscious.**Initially we are not conscious of our tendencies until we are aware. They are drives that determine what weâ€™re going to do at the moment.
After years of careful observation, Maria Montessori was able to identify twelve important tendencies that compel human beings to construct and refine the world around them. The Human Tendencies are a potential for who we might become, depending on our early experiences:
Order - things related to itself; The human mind strives for clarification. We must link new information with information that is already known. Striving for order is a striving for clearer, more logical thinking. Order is necessary for orientation. For example, materials being placed in the same spot on the shelf. The child expects to find that piece of material there. If the material was to be moved, the child loses his sense of order. Orientation - We must orient ourselves to our environment. We must know where we are and how to get around before we can feel secure. This establishes a reference point. Exploration - leads to discovery, it is innate, an intrinsic motivation. Children are naturally curious, and love to use their senses to learn...