A SEMINAR PAPER PREPARED
ELEGBOGUN OSERERE JULIET
COURSE TITLE: CLASSICAL THEORIES OF CRIME, DELINQUENCY AND SECURITIES
COURSE CODE: 800
IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT FOR THE AWARD OF
MASTER IN CRIMINOLOGY
DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY
UNIVERSITY OF LAGOS
LECTURER : ...view middle of the document...
The problem associated with human trafficking anchored on the need to live a wealthy live and quest of getting greener pastures with little or no formal education. Every day, increasing number of men, women and children are trafficked from one city to neighbouring countries and across continents with promised of better life outside their comfort zones. In the cause of searching for greener pasture, they are coerced into work they have not chosen and subjected to perpetual life in bondage. They work under strenuous conditions and do not receive the wage that was promised them.
Trafficking in persons is a form of modern-day slavery, a human rights violation that constitutes a crime against the individual and the State. Human trafficking permeates diverse institutions whose systematic operations are entwined into a multitude of activities.
Trafficking in persons is driven by gender inequality, the absence of equal opportunity, stark intra- and inter-State economic disparities, corruption and vulnerability due to failing judicial and law enforcement systems, civil instability and the failure of States to protect and provide for their citizens. Demand for commercial sex and cheap construction, manufacturing, industrial and domestic labour is a contributing factor.
Trafficking in persons cannot be combated through crime control or prosecution alone; its criminalization is imperative but insufficient. Anti-trafficking legislation should also recognize trafficked persons as victims entitled to protection of their basic human rights. Laws on immigration, labour, health and child protection must be reviewed and amended to cover all aspects of trafficking, so as to provide a comprehensive framework for addressing the phenomenon. They must then be effectively enforced and their implementation monitored.
Trafficking in persons is a global problem that transcends national boundaries. It is thus often a transnational crime, similar in nature to international drug and arms trafficking. It therefore requires transnational policies that engage international cooperation through information exchange and mutual assistance. This study gave rise to certain questions such as:
What is human trafficking?
What are the causes and effects of human trafficking?
What are the factors that influence human trafficking?
How can human trafficking be controlled?
DEFINITION OF TERMS.
Human trafficking is a complex process, and does not involve one single act which is easily distinguishable or recognizable. It is clandestine and operates within illegal systems and structures, which makes it difficult to trace and prosecute. The Trafficking in Persons Protocol provides them with an internationally agreed definition, which they are to use as a basis to define the crime of trafficking in domestic legislation. It states
“’Trafficking in persons’ shall mean the recruitment, transportation,
transfer, harbouring or...