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Humanistic And Existential Personality Theories Essay

1126 words - 5 pages

Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories

Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories
Tiffany Chapman, Alesha Forsythe, Hector Perez, and Lisa Rivas
Psy 405/ Theories of Personality
Joycelynn Flowers-Ashton
July 28, 2014

Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories

The Humanistic theory of personality explains that people are basically good natured ("Cliff Notes", 2013). Humanistic also believe that everyone has the ability to achieve their full potential within themselves. The theory explains that with the help of a humanistic therapist any individual can reach their full potential. However, humanistics believe that individuals cannot reach full potential unless ...view middle of the document...

Each person possesses it and aides in the creation of personality. Abraham Maslow, Rollo May, and Carl Rogers developed theories where each person has choices that will impact the development of their personalities and their interpersonal relationships. Abraham Maslow theorized that fulfilling the level in the Hierarchy of Needs through friendships, family, finding a mate, and maintaining social interactions with others is part of the process that involves interpersonal relationships. The success of fulfilling this level will set the tone for the other levels, and will create a sense of confidence in socializing with others, loving others, and feeling loved. Once this level has reached satisfactory fulfillment the person comes to realize that they can reach their full potential. In regards to making choices of our own free will, Rogers indicates that being aware of this free will enables a person to create their own personalities. He believed that positive nurturing from caregivers will enhance psychological growth. In positive psychological growth is the realization that one can reach self-actualization. According to May, there are three relationships that each person has, that is: the relationship with the environment, the one with others, and the one with oneself (Feist & Feist. 2012). Each of these relationships will lend to the development and the growth of the personality, but ultimately, each person will choose what they will become from what they have learned in these different relationships. May also believed that through free will, each person will make more choices and from those choices they will learn who they are. This insight will keep expanding in this cycle of free will, making choices, and developing a greater sense of being. This also explains the general theme in the humanistic/existential theory of personality. Man is a conscious thinking being who possesses, free will, and must understand this and become accountable for his own actions (Feist & Feist. 2012).
Abraham Maslow was one of the first to define humanistic psychology. This means the goodness and respect of mankind. It is essentially a continuation of existential psychology. throughout the years it has become an increasingly popular subject, humans want to know the meaning of personality and how we as humans behave. the basic ideas behind humanistic psychology are; the present is the most important aspect of humans, they cannot live in the past or the future, based on reality, we must take responsibility for themselves, each individual possess an inner worth, their actions may not be positive but that does not make them a bad person, and lastly, the ultimate goal in life is to...

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