Humanitarian Intervention Essay

2551 words - 11 pages

DOES HUMANITARIAN INTERVENTION HELP RESOLVE CONFLICTS?
CASE STUDY ON THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.

INTRODUCTION

This essay will point out the definition of humanitarian intervention and the lack of definition or misinterpretation of the legality of humanitarian intervention. It will give a historical description on the nature of the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the exploitation of the country and the main instigators fuelling this conflict.
It will analyse the humanitarian intervention efforts by the international community and how has it helped in the conflict resolutions to protect the nation’s citizens. It will also give you the different ...view middle of the document...

”. (Holzgrefe, J. L, p18)

However, as stated by Jonathan Moore’s volume, using military force can be argued to be; by law inappropriate and can be debated not to be moral, and in some cases not a good solution due to the dubious legal foundations, which have to be clearly addressed or better defined if any military force is to be seriously considered by the international community. (Moore, J, p31)

According to the UN charter’s general prohibition against the use of force Article 2(4) considered to be the rule, it also contradicts in giving exceptions to this rule. These exceptions are Article (51) the right to exercise self defence and also Article (42) allowing the Security Council to authorize the use of force to maintain international peace and security. The Security Council has the right under chapter VII provision of the charter, to authorize the use of force to maintain international peace and security, which raises considerable controversy about how far it is allowed to intervene to stop humanitarian emergencies taking place inside a state borders.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo has endured constant conflict and political upheaval since its independence in 1960, as well as a civil war in 1998 that devastated the country and has claimed the lives of more than 3 million people, and constant conflicts are still occurring in the eastern part of the country. A significant issue that the UN peacekeepers face in monitoring the conflict is the large area that has to be covered with limited resources; according to the US it has been an expensive mission with $1 billion dollars already outlaid for peacekeeping efforts. (Global Policy Forum, 2013)

The Lusaka ceasefire agreement was signed in 1999 with other nations to stop hostilities between all confrontational forces in the Congo. The Security Council also deployed the UN organisation mission (MONUC) to support the ceasefire.
The Security Council also imposed a 12 month arms embargo in 2003, especially in the eastern part of the country to stop the killing of innocent civilians, more drastic measures have had to be enforced with a total ban through out the country, travelling and assets have been frozen on the responsible parties that have fuelled the ongoing conflict. (Global Policy Forum, 2013)

The main source of this ongoing conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the rich natural resources which includes timber, diamonds, copper, gold and uranium; these resources are being smuggled to supply food, money and military hardware to the local militias and the mining multinationals. In 2003 other measures were recommended by the UN to stop the conflict such as sanctions against countries such as Rwanda, Uganda and Zimbabwe to stop the exploitation of Democratic Republic of the Congo natural resources, but due to political and economic interests it was not followed up. (Global Policy Forum, 2013)

In 2005 the Security Council’s resolution 1625 on...

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