“The Dark Ages”
Throughout the course of history there have been different eras and time frames that have had significant impacts on the modern world. Some were times when countries were at war, fighting for their beliefs, religions, families, countries, etc. Others when warship and religion were setting ground work for today’s beliefs. Whatever the case may be, many of the actions that our forefathers of the world have taken and fought for throughout time are still in place today and have become the basis for life as we know it. Religion, education and literature are examples of parts of life that have been impacting the world and people’s lives for ...view middle of the document...
All of the kingdoms would eventually convert to Christianity and form and alliance with the church. With the collapse of Rome came a decrease in education, literature and religion. People were at war, jobs were scarce and poverty was common. It was because of this that educations would be negatively impacted. Religion was some peoples only form of hope and others gave up on it because they believed it was failing them.
Education during the early middle ages was mainly foreseen by the churches. French ruler Charlemagne realized his empire needed educated people if it was to survive. He turned to the Catholic Church as the source of such education. His decree commanded that every cathedral and monastery was to establish a school to provide a free education to every boy who had the intelligence and the perseverance to follow a demanding course of study. The “dark ages” were thought to have been an era when education seized and Neanderthal type people would emerge as a result. This proved to be untrue. Education was limited and only certain subjects were taught, but it did exist none the less. Grammar, astrology, logic, philosophy and math were of the essence but the only science that would be learned during the “dark ages” came from encyclopedias. It was thought that the boys would gain their most useful knowledge when they ventured to the countryside and spoke with hunters, trappers and poachers as they were able to observe wildlife and nature during this time. At 14 or 15, some scholars would continue education at a university. These were a creation of the Middle Ages and could be found in larger European cities. Wars and invasions often halted studies, but these universities would reemerge during the later Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The cap and gown that college graduates wear today have their roots in medieval academic garments.
Literature during this time was questioned as to its legitimacy but modern historians’ consider this time to a rebirth of literature. It was hand copied and illustrated by monks. Paper was a rarity, with vellum, made from calf's skin, and parchment, made from lamb's skin, were the media of choice for writing. Students learning to write used wooden tablets covered in green or black wax. The greatest numbers of books during this era were bound with plain wooden boards, or with simple tooled leather for more expensive volumes. Soon literature exploded from the universities as scholars began to question convention and write social commentary, as well as poetic fiction. As the demand for literature grew, grammar did as well. It was during this time that capital and lowercase letters were developed. Books were known as valuables during this time, rarely seen in libraries and held onto like a treasure. Those who did own a book would sometimes rent it out, sell it for money if times were tough and a true friend would lend one for free. It was because of the advancements in grammar and...