Illegal Drug Market Explains The Chemistry,Effects, History, And Uses Of Drugs Like Halocinogens, Amphetamines, Etc

2213 words - 9 pages

The illegal drug market in the United States is one of the most profitable in the world. Drug law enforcement agencies face an enormous challenge in protecting the country's borders. Each year, according to the U.S. Customs Service (USCS), 60 million people enter the United States on more than 675,000 commercial and private flights. Another 6 million come by sea and 370 million by land. In addition, 116 million vehicles cross the land borders with Canada and Mexico. More than 90,000 merchant and passenger ships dock at U.S. ports. These ships carry more than 9 million shipping containers and 400 million tons of cargo. Another 157,000 smaller vessels to go coastal towns. Drugs are generally ...view middle of the document...

These all have the ability to alter sensory perception and the normal thought process. Psycotomimetics produce a mind state similar to psychosis (Psychosis is a major mental disorder in which the personality is very seriously disorganized and contact with reality is usually impaired). These can also create syesthesia. This is where the senses are distorted to the extent that colors, like sounds are tasted instead of heard. What is believed to create these effects is the serotonin receptor sites in the central nervous system. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter, which transports chemical messages between nerve cells. These seretonin producing neurons are associated with the body's visual system, emotion, and mood. The exact path of the LSD in this process is unknown but it is believed that it probably stems from a complex reaction with serotonin. In fact, LSD seems to closely resemble serotonin in structure.The substance and drug Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, known simply as LSD is a specific type of hallucinogen. LSD's chemical formula is C20H25N30. The drug's chemical name is 9,10-Didehydro-N,N-diethyl-6-methylergolin-8ß-Carboxamide, it's molecular weight is 323.44, and its melting point is 198-200° C. LSD is classified in the chemical family of alkaloid, meaning it is a nitrogen-containing substances, usually plant-derived, and reacts with acids to form salts.. The physical properties of this substance are that is tasteless, colorless, and odorless.LSD is a very strong drug, the effective dose is measured in micrograms (ug). In the metric weight system, a microgram is a thousandth of a milligram. LSD can be administered a number of ways, orally though paper, sugar cubes, on a piece of gelatin, or by a pill . A standard dose is about 100-200 ug. Physical effects include drowsiness, dizziness, dilated pupils, numbness and tingling, weakness, tremors, and nausea. Behavior. The drug evokes dreamlike changes in mood and thought and alters the perception of time and space. It can also create a feeling of lack of self-control and extreme terror or paranoia.The psychedelic effects of this drug were discovered by Dr. Albert Hoffman by accident in 1938 when a small amount of the drug soaked through his fingers during a routine synthesis. He experienced "an imaginative dream-like state for a duration of 2-3 hours" (Hoffman,1983). During the sixties LSD became popular as a recreational drug. The drug has been tried as a treatment for infantile autism, which is a psychiatric disorder characterized by marked deficits in communication and social interaction, preoccupation with fantasy, language impairment, and abnormal behavior, such as repetitive acts and excessive attachment to certain objects. It is usually associated with intellectual impairment. It has also been tried for treatment of alcoholism (excessive consumption of and dependence on alcoholic beverages, leading to physical and psychological harm and impaired social functioning), and to...

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