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Immigration Essay

1790 words - 8 pages

Throughout the history of the United States immigration has become apart of our country’s fabric which, began centuries ago. Only to become a hot topic in the US in recent years with its primary focus being illegal immigrants. Illegal immigration is when people enter a country without government permission. As of 2008 the Center for Immigration Studies estimated that there are 11 million illegal immigrants in the US which is down from 2007‘s 12.5 million people. Although the Center for Immigration Studies estimates are very different from other estimates that range from 7 to 20 million. While the Pew Hispanic Center estimated in March of 2009 there are 11.1 million illegal immigrants and ...view middle of the document...

Then there was the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, which barred certain laborers from migrating to the United States. Between 1885 and 1887 the Alien Contract Labor also, prohibited specific laborers from immigrating to the US. In 1891 the Federal Government took on the duty of admitting, inspecting, rejecting, and processing all immigrant in search of admission to the United States. On January 2, 1892, a Federal US immigration station opened on Ellis Island in New York Harbor. In 1903 a reaffirmed provisions that were in the 1891Act. The US immigration Act of 1907, reorganized the states bordering Mexico that includes Arizona, New Mexico and a large part of Texas. Between 1917 and 1924 there were a series of laws were ratified to limit the number of new aliens. These laws established the quota system and forced passport requirements. They also expanded the categories of excludable aliens and banned all Asians except the Japanese. A 1924 Act was created to reduced the number of US immigration visas and allocated them on the foundation of national origin. In 1940 The Alien Registration Act required all non-U.S. citizens within the United States to register with the Government and receive an Alien Registration Receipt Card, which was later called a Green Card. The Passage of the Internal Security Act of 1950 depicted the Alien Registration Receipt Card even more important. Legal immigrants had their cards replaced with what commonly became known as the "green card". The 1952 Act is what started the modern day US immigration system. It created a quota system that inflicts limits on a per-country basis. It also set up the preference system that awarded priority to family members and people with special skills. In 1968 an act eradicated US immigration discrimination based on race, place of birth, sex and residence. It also officially put an end to limitations on Oriental US immigration. A 1976 act stopped preferential treatment of residents in the Western Hemisphere. There was also an act in 1980 that abolished a general policy governing the admission of refugees. The 1986 Immigration Act is also referred to the 1986 Immigration Act. This act legalized hundreds of thousands of illegal immigrants and implemented the employer sanctions programs that fined employers that hired illegal aliens. In 1990 an act created an annual limit for certain categories of immigrants. It was intended to help U.S. businesses attract skilled foreign workers; thus, it expanded the business class categories to favor persons who can make educational, professional or financial contributions, which created the Immigrant Investor Program. There is the USA Patriot Act of 2001, which strengthened and united America by giving appropriate tools needed to intercept and hinder terrorism. And, the creation of the USCIS in March of 2003 the US immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) becomes part of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The department’s new U.S. Citizenship and...

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