Impressionism Essay

2585 words - 11 pages

In 1874, fifty-five artists held the first independent group show of Impressionist art. The unfriendly reviewer Louis Leroy to a canvas by Claude Monet first applied the name impressionism in 1874; it has come to be used very freely. In easiest terms, French Impressionism was an especially undersized, avant-garde movement whose affiliates tested from 1870 to 1880 with painterly habits to attain light on canvas. Impressionism entails a certain technique, primarily the acquirement of light on canvas through the use of pure, lurid, bright colours, and such stylistic and compositional elements as a shallow, two-dimensional space, occupied by compressed forms, an uptilted picture plane resulting ...view middle of the document...

The Post Impressionists still continued to have a similar style to the Impressionists but with fewer limitations. There was a continuation of the use of vivid colours, and the bold dollops of unmixed paint were still used. The subject matter also remained quite similar with real-life, ordinary subjects being chosen, emotion and expression was however one thing that was different from the Impressionist painting in their work. They went beyond just painting something normal, they were able to put mood and emotion into their works. Post Impressionism took painting to new levels, Impressionism had previously made the break from all the rules of painting and now Post Impressionism was able to go beyond that, as mentioned before many of the Post Impressionists led to other art movements. Cezanne’s structural work eventually led to cubism and Van Gogh’s symbolic, expressive paintings led to expressionism.

Summarising the transition in styles from Impressionism and Post Impressionism there is an obvious link in some of the main foundations of style and subject within the similar movements. Post Impressionism appears to most significantly work on an emotional level.

Plein Air is a French term meaning in the open air. In art history it refers to a perception that a painting conveys, the sensations of being in the open air. This eminence was much sought after by the Impressionists, and before them the Barbizon School of landscape artists who painted in the Forest Fontainebleau into the 1840s. Possibly further more than any other, Claude Monet was the archetypal plein air painter. He was possessed with encapsulating the effects of light on the landscape in an almost scientific way, also in seizing the atmospheric “envelope” of the landscape.

The Impressionists preferred landscape, some incorporated structural design followed by figure studies and still lifes. Human figures, when dealt with, most often came from high society and were mainly portrayed in leisure, urban activities. Artists neglected classical studio themes to go outside and paint the landscape that surrounded them. On the other hand, some Impressionists, painted the rural poor just as they saw them, with a rough-textured technique that displeased establishment. So in subject matter is somewhat juxtaposed.

In its exercise of colour, Impressionism radically deviated from tradition. Progress in the areas of optics and colour theory enthralled these painters. Working outdoors, Impressionists provided the play of sunshine and the tones of the environment with a palette of bolder yet lighter colours than classical studio painters used.
In 1666, Sir Isaac Newton had shown that white light could be split into many colours. Including the three primary colours, red, blue, and yellow - by a prism. The Impressionists learned how to form the prismatic colours with a palette of unadulterated, concentrated pigments and white. Not like Academy painters, who sheltered their canvases with...

Other Essays Like Impressionism

Art101 Week Five Painting Styles Essay

607 words - 3 pages Painting Styles Painting Styles Studying the three periods of art Neoclassicism, Impressionism, and Abstract Expressionism it seemed that as the eras changed so did the styles of painting. One thing that was present in all three of the eras was the element of rebellion towards the excepted styles of their time. The three styles were diversified in how this was accomplished. The brush stokes or lack thereof was the main differences in

Army Accountability Essay

579 words - 3 pages the abstract expressionist would come to call “all-over painting” yet nothing had really changed. Still consistent in his early painting Monet did not change his views. Over the time Monet made countless off painting of his work of art and was not the only artist to be part of the Water Lillies. Still to this day Monet artwork is highly look at. Impressionism-This illustration represents impressionism the picture shows bright light and

The History, Theory, And Evolution Of Magical Realism

1399 words - 6 pages Roh, to whom we attribute having coined the term, describes this "new" art form in his 1925 article "Magical Realism: Post Expressionism." Roh defines Magical Realism through a chronological examination of artistic styles preceding this "new art." The two periods on which he focuses primarily are Impressionism and Expressionism. Impressionism, which preceded Expressionism, focused on the artists' desire to portray something that existed in

Changes In The First 15 Years Of The 20th Century Europe

622 words - 3 pages golden laurel leaves and its art deco facade. It is one of the key works of Viennese Art Nouveaux architecture and was planned and built by Joseph Maria Ulbricht. Les Fauves were early 20th century Modern artists ,whose works emphasized painting qualities and attractive color over the representational or realistic values retained by Impressionism. These paintings represent Fauvism as a style began around 1900 and continued beyond 1910, and they had

Chronological Timeline of the History of Art

569 words - 3 pages , (Adendorff, 2009:43) Impressionism 19th Century Figure 11: Edgar Degas, The Dancing Class (oil on canvas), 1873-1875, Impressionism, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, (Adendorff, 2009:57) Expressionism 19th Century Figure 12: Henri Matisse, Red Room (Harmony in Red) (oil on canvas), 1908-1909, Expressionism, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, (Adendorff, 2009:83) Cubism 19th Century

Early 20th Century Music

1573 words - 7 pages shares fewer similarities than Mahler and Schoenberg yet is often compared to and likened to them and others for different reasons. Many people have tried to put a label on the type of music he made, whether it be Impressionism, Naturism or Neo-Classicism, none of these categories give a great understanding of the nature behind his music, because each song was very much its own. The piece I have studied is ‘La Mer’ which when translated from French

Painting Style

860 words - 4 pages | | | |way, and the colors and patterns were bright and wild. | | |Impressionism |Impressionism was developed in France during the late 19th |Claude Monet | | |and early 20th centuries. These pieces of art were painted as|Mary Cassatt | | |if someone just took a quick look at the subject of the

Outline of Movements in Art

826 words - 4 pages , Cengage Learning. * Merisi, M. (1603). “Caravaggio, Entombment” [oil on canvas 9’ 10 1/8 x 6’ 7 15/16”]. Pinacoteca, Musei Vaticani, Rome. In F. S. Kleiner (Ed.), Gardner’s art through the ages: The Western perspective (14 ed., Vol. II, p. 562). Boston, MA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. II. Impressionism (began around the late 19th century) a. Impressionism, both in content and in style, was an art of industrialized, urbanized Paris, a

How the History of Music Ifluences Today

1508 words - 7 pages democracy. At this time, there were three main styles of opera, based on nation. This includes French, German, and Italian. Towards the end of the century, while some composers resisted, it showed that the romantic era was all but over. The new century once again ushered in a new era of music, including the movement of Impressionism, brought by Maurice Ravel, and Claude Debussy, as well as the movement of post-romanticism, from such as Puccini

Paul Cezanne's Life Very Briefly. It Also Includes Especially How His Styles Of Art Changed Over Time, Were Influenced, And Influenced Furture Art. It Was Written For A 7th Grade French Class

667 words - 3 pages . Many aspiring artists traveled to Cézanne's home to observe him at work and to receive and advice he may have had to offer.Both his style and theory remained mysterious and cryptic. To some he seemed naïve and primitive, but to others her was a sophisticated master of impressionism. Among the artists of his time, Cézanne had perhaps the most profound effect on the art of the 20th century. He was the greatest single influence on Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso. He was particularly well known for his use of color and his structure in the cubist style.

Biography Of Mary Stevenson Cassatt

529 words - 3 pages Cassatt resumed painting by the mid-1880s. Her style evolved, and she moved away from impressionism to a simpler, more straightforward approach. By 1886, she no longer identified herself with any art movement and experimented with a variety of techniques. A series of rigorously drawn, tenderly observed, yet largely unsentimental paintings on the mother and child theme form the basis of her popular work.A trip to Egypt in 1910 impressed Cassatt with

Related Papers

Impressionism Essay

1407 words - 6 pages Both French and Australian Impressionists painted rapidly in order to capture the scenario as see n outside and adopted the French technique of ‘broken colour’ was to apply quick, short and often thick brushstrokes to the canvas. Due to the ever changing light and atmosphere of the day, French Impressionist artists had to paint rapidly to achieve their aim of capturing a ‘fleeting moment in time’. This resulted in a textured, pastel like

Realism And Impressionism Movements Essay

1269 words - 6 pages Realism and Impressionism Movements Gloria Slezak ART 101- Art Appreciation Instructor Todd Leisek May 23, 2014 This essay will be about Realism and Impressionism movements. Both Realism and Impressionism movement was in the 19th century. The differences between these movements are that the Realism movement was in the mid-19th century and Impressionism was in the late 19th century. I will discuss two pieces of artwork that was done in

Renaissance Through Impressionism Essay

1603 words - 7 pages Renaissance through ImpressionismArt has taken us through a roller coaster ride in the past. From ancient cave drawings to early architecture, from the "Mona Lisa" to the "Water Lilies", art has gone through so many movements that it is difficult to keep up with. In this paper, I will talk about the eras from Renaissance to the movement of Impressionism. Not only will I talk about the different eras, but some pieces that were involved in the

Impressionist And Post Impressionist Essay

1037 words - 5 pages Mankind has been expressing itself artistically by painting for thousands of years. Art has been used to describe scenarios of an event, animals, people, and objects. There are many different ways or techniques artist can use to paint. The ones we are going to talk to about in this paper are Impressionism and Post Impressionism. A. Impressionism started in the late 19th century around 1874 in Paris, France. It was started by a group called the