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Impressionist And Post Impressionist Essay

1037 words - 5 pages

Mankind has been expressing itself artistically by painting for thousands of years. Art has been used to describe scenarios of an event, animals, people, and objects. There are many different ways or techniques artist can use to paint. The ones we are going to talk to about in this paper are Impressionism and Post Impressionism.
A. Impressionism started in the late 19th century around 1874 in Paris, France. It was started by a group called the Anonymous Society of Painters, Sculptors, Printmakers, etc. The founding members of this group included Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, and Camille Pissarro. Impressionism got its name from a painting by Claude Monet known as Impression, Sunrise (Samu, ...view middle of the document...

In the late 1880’s a group known as the Post-Impressionist was formed. This group included painters Georges Seurat, Paul Gaugin, Vincent Van Gogh, Paul Cezanne and Roger Fry. It was Fry who actually coined the term Post-Impressionist in his exhibition called Manet and the Post-Impressionist (Voorhies, 2013). Post-Impressionism paintings included vivid colors, thick application of paint, distinctive brush strokes, and real life subject matter (WikiPedia, 2013). Some social conditions that created the way for Post-Impressionism was the artists who rejected the form and characteristics of Impressionism. The focus for the Post-Impressionists was to find new ways to form and express space (Atkins, 2013). During the post-impressionist era some of the social conditions included economic depression, general pessimism, oppressive social standards and also Capitalism where the rich were getting richer (Meyer. 2003).
Impressionism painting focused more on the color and showed realistic scenes while post-impressionism captured the emotion of the artist. Most impressionist paintings were done outside while post impressionism painting was done inside a studio. Post-Impression paintings showed the subjects by using geometric forms. Impressionist paintings were thin, small brushstrokes that showed the softer edge of the painting (Emelda, 2011).
The purpose for Impressionism was needed so artist could show emotion in their paintings whether it was showing a human figure, a still life, or landscape. Impressionism paintings really showed the transition of light and how it was changed to show obscured forms. Without Impressionism we would have never seen Claude Monet’s Impression Sunrise painting. This was the first painting that was displayed at the First Impressionist Exhibition held in France (Jirousek, 1995). Post Impressionism was needed to show that artist could freely show their emotions in their paintings. Instead of painting a picture of a landscape or a human figure outside, Post Impressionists could paint pictures that showed emotion in the painting and could be done anywhere even in a studio. Without Post-Impressionism we would not have seen Starry Night by Van-Goh (Jirousek, 1995). Starry Night and Impression Sunrise where painted using oil...

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