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Indian Civilization Essay

4906 words - 20 pages

INTRODUCTION

The American Indians have a very special relation with the nature, his house and his gods, and they venerate everything, what exists in the ground (Animals, plants, rocks, air, etc.) and out of her (stars, the Sun, moon, etc.).

Our objective is to relate the education and the credence of the American Indians to the nature, taking as example the Sioux.

[pic]
Picture 1. Indian’s hunters.

All the American Indians lived in harmony and balance with the nature for 20000 years. His ideal was to take of the nature the just and necessary thing for his survival, only satisfying his basic needs. They ...view middle of the document...

[pic]
Picture 4. Sioux distribution.
SEVEN PRINCIPLES OF THE EDUCATION SIUX

The studies about aboriginal cultures prove that the Conduction and the Development of Human resources has been a worry tied to the survival of the men of all the times.

In case of the Indians Sioux, for example, the hunt and the defence were constituted his central activities. The whole rest was turning out to be to them clearly secondary. Therefore, his Politics of Development had a precise objective and a limited time. Inside the twelve to fourteen years of been born a male, they had to achieve that it was reaching the skills and own knowledge of the hunters - warriors. His work was passing along three phases.
When the child was coming to the stage in which it could realize and coordinate voluntary movements, the father or the adult who will turn out to be his instructor, it was providing him with an arch and arrows adapted to his dimensions and to his force. From there it began the training up to achieving his finished domain, opportunity in which they were going out to do the hunt of the mouse. When the child was bringing his first prey, the whole family was entertaining it, was pleasing it and was encouraging it to continue developing his aptitudes. From this ceremony, the second phase was going off. With an arch and arrows more powerful and more difficult to handle, it began a new period of training that was culminating with the hunt of the deer and a similar reception on having finished the test. The third phase was asking from the weapon of the future hunter - warrior and was coming to his end when the young man was returning with his first bison to the village and was celebrated as new adult member of the tribe, now already with all his obligations and rights.
Picture 5. Indian hunts.

We can classify the essential in Sioux education in seven main points. They are interesting to compare with our modern theories of Management. These are:

1) The Sense of purpose. None of the beginners knew the purpose for the one that was being educated and the direct relation that this one was supporting with the success or the defeat in the life that was having him to live.

2) The absence of shameful actions. What the instructors were stimulating was the pride for the achievement, and the capacity of achievement was directly tied to the possibility of belonging. Undoubtedly these Indians did not want to generate insecure men of yes same, lacking in pride, suffered and with a weak person felt of commitment with his tribe. For it they were avoiding to make them feel like useless when still they could not handle a warrior's arch and, in consequence, the tool offered always to learn was supporting relation with his real possibilities of domain. Nevertheless, this does not mean that there did not exist potentially shameful situations that were threatening whom, for idleness, they were not devoting themselves to develop to yes...

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