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Indian Democracy Essay

2070 words - 9 pages

India’s experiment with democracy has, through the years, proven to be a success. There is an established Constitution that is fair to all the people living in the country, the power of the leadership is vested within the people, and the people are able to voice their opinions without fear. These factors create the foundation on which a democratic nation can stand and continue to build on in. The early leaders of India knew of this, moreover they also knew that it was even more important for India to have these qualities because of its extreme diversity and historical past.
After independence the writing of the Constitution was made the priority, after all, a country cannot survive and ...view middle of the document...

Each person’s thoughts are given the same weight and consideration as anyone else’s. People want their opinions to matter, even if it is only in a minor way, a democracy is the only form of government that can actually provide this on a consistent and equal basis. This type of equality is even more important in India because it is so diverse, the only way to keep such a large and diverse country together is to promise and ensure that all the people are equal.
The official definition of a democracy is: a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system. This is the vital essence of a democracy. Ultimate power rests in the hands of the people, if they are not happy with who is in power at the moment then at the next election they will not vote for that party. Also the prime minister has to be able to pass a motion of confidence, if he/she is not able to do so, this indicates that the parliament no longer has confidence in the appointed government. Thus every person going into a position of power is aware that their position is not permanent. It is established that no person will be allowed to stay in power if the people do not want him/her, almost like the morals that children grow up with.
Another aspect of the Indian democracy which worked in its favor is the ratification process for the Constitution. It was made deliberately complicated. Amendments cannot be added or changed easily, each one must be passed by a two-thirds majority in both houses of Parliament. This means that 165 people in the Rajya Sabha, and 364 people in the Lok Sabha must approve of the law or the revision. This an extremely large group of people who has to agree and it is not easy. Thus any new amendment or revision that is to be made is put under strict scrutiny and anything that will seem to threaten the country or its people will not be allowed to pass.
Another reason for the success of the Indian democracy is that the government accommodates the people. There is still a considerably high percentage of illiterate people in India. This is detrimental during an election because if a person cannot read then he won’t be able to vote for the person or political party that he wants. So the different political parties also include the symbol for the party on the ballot. Even if a voter is not able to read, he/she is still aware of what is going in the country and in his/her respective region either through town meetings, radio, TV or even gossip. If the current party hasn’t been living up to the promises it made during the previous election, then the voter will know about it. And will know that he/she shouldn’t vote for that party again because it doesn’t do what it says it will. In the voting booth, an illiterate voter will know the symbol that represents the party and will either choose it or not. Historically, in other countries literacy has been used as a...

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