Bonnie Sue Ford
November 16, 2011
Britain’s Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was largely confined to Britain in the 1760 to 1830’s. First of all, its domination of the seas gave it control of ocean transportation and trade. British trade of tobacco, sugar, tea, and slaves was a crucial part of its control. Secondly, their banking system provided capital for investments which provided a surplus in finances; using that as an international scale. Inventions included John Kay’s “flying shuttle” weaving device and George Stephenson’s “Rocket” railway train, along with Abraham Darby’s use of coal instead of charcoal to create fuel, as well as Henry Bessemer’s renovation ...view middle of the document...
As Britain became financially stronger, the citizens were able to move up the social ladder; thus improving their finances and education. In conjunction with new inventions came the discoveries in medicine, providing better treatments of diseases and the Britain’s overall health. The improvement of steel production helped build sturdier buildings which had fewer fire and safety hazards. Electricity was used instead of gas to light city streets, contributing to a decline in crime. As the population grew, a new water system included an improved sewer and provided running water for homes enhancing sanitary conditions.
The improvement of public services; such as, fire and police, public education helped further the industrial advances. The industrial businesses received more from consumer’s developing the Britain’s theory of capitalism. As a result of an increase in the production of goods and profit, factory owners were able to provide workers with higher wages and better working conditions. The development of new machinery added to workers safety, and decreased the need to worker’s required twelve to sixteen hours to eight.
The industrial revolution caused Britain to turn away from the past, and look toward improvements in their way of life which has lasted through the years.
United States Industrial Revolution
The industrial Revolution began in the United States around 1820-1870. It was of great importance to the economic development of the United States. This revolution centered itself on United States and Germany. The Industrial Revolution itself refers to a change from hand and home production to machine and factory. The first revolution was important for the inventions of the spinning and weaving machines operated by water power which was replaced by steam. However, the Industrial Revolution truly changed American Society and economy into a modern urban individual state.
The real incentive for America entering the Industrial Revolution was the passage of the Embargo Act of 1807 and the War of 1812. Americans were upset over the Chesapeake incident resulting in the public outrage and the passage of the Embargo Act stopped the export of American goods and effectively ended the import of goods from other nations. America’s war with Britain in 1812...