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Industrial Revolution Essay

965 words - 4 pages

The Industrial Revolution started around 1750. It began in Britain and it spread throughout the World. England was known as “the world’s workshop” because at that point in time, England was the major manufacturing center of the World. It took about ten years for the Industrial Revolution to spread to other places. It spread to America. The Industrial Revolution was favorable to the American colonies by bringing the factory system to America, supplying more employment which increased urban growth, and raising the national economy. Americans developed and profited from a variety of inventions that produced goods and materials faster and cheaper. The Industrial Revolution was an ongoing ...view middle of the document...

A British textile machinist, Samuel Slater, managed to immigrate to America in 1789. Slater quickly put his knowledge of textile machinery to work. In 1790, in a clothier shop in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, Slater reproduced the complex British machinery. Slater and his business partners established the nation’s first successful water-powered textile mill in 1793, in Pawtucket.
Contributions to the Industrial Revolution also came from many Americans. Eli Whitney was one of them and is credited with developing an idea that changed industry forever. In 1798, he signed a contract with the federal government to make 10,000 guns in a little over two years. He had to make the parts for one gun at a time and assemble the gun as he went. Whitney realized if all the corresponding parts were made exactly alike, they could be used on any similar gun. By figuring this out, Whitney assembled the parts rapidly and produced more goods to make a greater profit. Whitney’s system still had flaws and still in the end he could not be sure that any given part would fit in every gun. By 1824, the nation had a reliable method for producing the guns it needed by adopting the method of interchangeable parts. Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin also had a lasting effect on the United States during the revolution. Laborers no longer had to separate the cotton seeds for the cotton fibers. The machine automatically separated the seeds from the raw cotton fibers.
If production had not been sped up, the Industrial Revolution would have not had that big of an effect as it did in North America. The Industrial Revolution brought more jobs to North America, because the factories needed the workers. Before the Industrial Revolution, most Americans lived on small, self-sufficient farms and were widely spaced. They produced most of their own things including...

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