Industrialization After The Civil War Essay

1354 words - 6 pages

Introduction
Industrialization increased tremendously during the 18th and 19th century leading to the success growth of United States as far as overall wealth during the rise to power on its wake. This paper focuses on the different aspects of industrialization that occurred and the various groups that were affected during this period of time, and overall what the effect of industrialization did for America.

Three Aspects of the Industrial Revolution
Referred to commonly as the second Industrial Revolution, three major aspects during this time immensely played apart towards the shaping of our country as we know it and they were our society, the economy and our politics. Society was ...view middle of the document...

This was a key factor that implemented the United States in becoming a power player among its rival countries.
Politics was important during this time and also the third aspect of the industrialization. The legislative laws created for businesses, excluded the working class and the poverty stricken. State and federal government gave large portions of land, government tenders and contracts to their families, close friends, and supporters in return to political favors, ultimately given them political reign throughout that time. This ultimately led to serious consequences for the nation because of increased corruption and illegal activity which threatened the growth of the United States. However, the government was able to counter this by regulating policies and setting forth measures to control this nepotism.

Groups of the Industrial Revolution
Several groups affected by industrialization were the Native Americans, African Americans, rural farmers, along with the middle and lower class, and women. Native Americans were affected directly by industrialization through the expansion of the urbanization push, taking up their mother land to create more employment for the middle class and lower class, which they of course were blinded to, as a negative towards the Native American’s. The construction of the transcontinental railroads was so widespread that this also proved problematic in regards for the Native Americans push to stop the urbanization spread. African Americans did not entirely benefit from industrialization and as matter of fact they suffered more. The competition for control of resources left the majority of this group dwindling in poverty. An example of this was the raise of wages for the middle class and lower class, but for this group they were an exemption at this time. Discrimination was highly exercised towards this group by removing civil and political rights which were manipulated.
Farmers experienced unfavorable outcomes during the industrialization in the wake of commercializing agriculture because they benefitted largely on the sale of their harvest. Industrialization brought about different mechanical instruments, reducing physical labor, therefore, leaving many farmers with little to none production to reap financial benefits.
The lower and middle class were also impacted during this time. The middle class was sought out for specialized and skilled labor in the emerging industries, whereas the lower class was forced into the hazardous low end work conditions because of the non-skill set. An example of this was child labor amongst the two groups which was a problem within itself.
During the industrialization it was said that women rights were affected the most. Some of these rights that weren’t fulfilled were equal pay, and better education, to that of the common man. At this time women fought the stereotype of being the typical domesticated housewife and protested for mutual rights. Because of this upheaval, certain...

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