HIS 105-Contemporary U.S. History
Professor Dr. Rick Foster
Strayer University Online Course
January 25, 2016
Thesis Statement: Between 1865 and 1920, the United States became the world’s leading
industrial capitalist nation after the Civil War due changes in transport, new inventions and
entreperunship . However, there were obstacles that blocked the way to a growing working class
and competition among existing firms when new firms came into existence.
I. List three (3) major aspects of industrialization between 1865 and 1920. In your
response, consider society, the economy, and politics.
A. Transportation - The U.S. was developed a large ...view middle of the document...
(Consider issues such as
race, ethnicity, gender, child labor, etc.)
A. Native Americans - All of the Native Americans were basically wiped out. Their tribes were stripped of their land and forced upon smaller sections of land in other parts of the country. If they settled in one part they were forced to take land which was far from which they could provide food for themselves.
B. Middle Class Workers - The middle class saw enormous benefits. The growth of new businesses and factories created a wealth of new jobs. This group gren in size as occupations like merchants, shopkeepers and accoutantts allowed the working class to lift themselves into a higher social strata. As they earned more, they were able to take advantage of newly affordable amentities like furniture and fine clothing which in turn produced better living. .
C. Farmers - The farmers felt they were being left out because the economy were now heavily industtrial. Also, they felt underpaid and not being able to see the fruits of their hard labor. Farmers believed they were taken advantage of so the formation of unions came as a result.
D. D. The Poor Remained Poor – Yes, there lives changed but did not improve. Now they were struck with factory work versus what they were used to in agriculture. Factory work was easisr than working in fields, so women and children joined the workforce. Wages were very low even with entire families working. It was very hard to get out of proverty and earn a decent living. Most did not have an education because they had to work to support the family.
E. The Rich Got Richer - With the advent of new technologies, mass-produced goods could be created and sold cheaper and faster. It was an explosion of manufacting and trade that allowed the rich to become richer. It allowed the rich to be able to build huge mansions, collect fine art and erect museums and libries. The privileged social group who always enjoyed properity, now achieved a new realm of luxruy.
III. List five (5) ways that industrialization affected the life of the average working
American during this period.
• A. Working Conditions – The working conditions were often filthy, and dangerours. The new factory owners could set the terms of work because there were far more unskilled laborers, who had few skills and would take any job, then there were jobs for them. Since the textile and industries were so new, there were initially no laws to regulate them. They were deparate for work, but they had no bargaining power to demand better working conditions.
• B. Living...