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Industrialization During 1865 And 1920 That Influenced U.S. Society, Economy, And Politics

1234 words - 5 pages


Impact of Industrialization after the Civil War on American Society (Thesis & Outline)

[Strayer University]

[U.S History 105]


Impact of Industrialization After the Civil War on American Society (Thesis & Outline)

Part 1- Thesis Statement

The Industrial Revolution marks a major turning point in human history; almost every aspect of daily life was influenced in some way. After the Civil War, industrialization took on an unpredictable change of events that had a major affect on improving American life.

The Industrial Revolution affected farming, manufacturing, and legislatives and led to a increase in the wealth and ...view middle of the document...

The new railways spurred economic growth. Mining companies used them to ship raw materials to factories over long distances quickly. Manufactures distributed their finished product by rail to points throughout the country. The rails became highly profitable businesses for their owners. (

During the Industrial Revolution everyone had to adapt to the massive work load that was created. Back then demands for products was so high, the only thought and concern the Business Man had was how he was going to keep the currency rolling in. They used Humans as machines, without care and regards to their health and well being. Once they were faced with consequence for their disregard for life, laws were put into place to protect the workers. This in turned probably caused them more money and slower production in obeying the law.

Women and children were able to join the work force, but for little pay and long hours. Many were face with poor work conditions, hazardous health issues and short lunch breaks. The economic success was often left unchecked by authorities, who were not ready to deal with the consequences of these uncharted waters.

Producing improved methods on machinery use, spread throughout American industry after the civil war. This created a higher quantity of products at a faster pace. At times product were being produced so rapidly that this caused an over stock of merchandise because sales were not able to move as fast as the products were being produced. Using machines to produce products cut the need for staff members on production lines, in turn creating job lost.

The Industrial Revolution created a growing population across the South, West, and North in a short period of time. More than 25 Million Immigrants entered the United States between the 1870 and 1916. Immigrants would work longer hours for smaller wages and live in over crowed conditions just to earn a decent living for their family.

1. Passage of Jim Crow laws in the South that mandated de jure segregation in public facilities.

2. Middle-class women during this time period become involved in the work force having their typical house wife roles changed.

a. Few career women; mostly non-white American (Black, Irish, Swedish) women worked as servants

b. National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) was formed to obtain women’s right to vote.

3. Realism replaced the romanticism as the genre of choice for American authors during this time period

a. “The Gilded Age” written by Mark Twain; “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” (1876) & “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” (1884).

4. Increase of European immigrants that settled in the US.

a. Often were poor, living arrangements were dirty and over crowed.

b. Unsafe work condtions, allowing un trained employees to operate dangerous eppuiment.


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