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Infectious Disease Essay

519 words - 3 pages

Fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, rashes, muscle aches and night sweats are all symptoms that have been associated with the HIV/AIDS virus (AIDS.gov). These particular symptoms are very common and can be misdiagnosed as something as simple as the flu, or respiratory or gastrointestinal infections. Many who are diagnosed with the virus are not even aware of because the virus can be dormant for up to 10 years before it begins to progress into AIDS.
More than 1.7 million people have been diagnosed with the HIV/AIDS virus since the early 1980’s; before it was given the name (HIV) Human immunodeficiency virus it was known as GRID (Gay- related immune deficiency). Many believed that this virus was only associated with homosexual ...view middle of the document...

The HIV virus will begin attacking the defense cells found in the white blood cells; T- cells or the CD4 cells. These cells are considered the body’s line of defense against any bad viruses. When the HIV virus enters the body the T-cells try to attack it, but instead the HIV virus ends up invading those cells duplicating them, then destroying them.
There is currently no cure for the HIV/AIDS disease, however; in many cases the best and most effective way of treating an HIV patient would be to prescribe them the antiretroviral therapy (ART) medications recommended to treat an HIV infected person. The antiretroviral therapy medication includes combination of three or more anti-HIV medications to be taken daily. This medication helps in preventing the HIV from multiplying and destroying the infection-fighting CD4 cells. The antiretroviral therapy medication does not provide a cure for the HIV/AIDS virus, but it will allow those who are affected to live a healthy life (HIV/AIDS, 2012). The antiretroviral therapy medication will help stop the HIV from advancing to full blown AIDS. To be diagnosed with AIDS a person must have a CD4 cell count that is less than 200 cells/mm^3 or an AIDS-defining condition that is serious and life threatening (HIV/AIDS, 2012). Many people believe that acupuncture and herbal medications are just as effective as the antiretroviral therapy medication, but the side effects are significantly less, in some cases this could be true because acupuncture helps to relieve stress and many people fall ill because they have put their body through so much stress and the herbal medications rids their body’s of any

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