A brief description of the information processing approach and development of memory through the ages.
Essat\y submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the specialist diploma in psychology
23 March 2011
The information processing approach is a framework used by cognitive psychologists to explain and describe mental processes. The model associates the thinking process to how a computer works. Just like a computer, the human mind takes in information, organizes and stores it to be retrieved at a later time. Just as the computer has an input device, a processing unit, a storage unit, and an output device, so does the human mind have equivalent structures (Proctor & Vu, 2006).
In a computer, information is entered by means of input devices like a keyboard or scanner. In the human mind, the input device is called the sensory register, made up of ...view middle of the document...
Working memory on the other hand is known as an active memory, it temporarily stores memory while acting on it.
In a computer, information is stored in a hard disk, which is equivalent to the long-term memory. This is where we keep information that is not currently being used. Information stored in the Long-Term Memory may be kept for an indefinite period of time.
When a computer processes information, it displays the results by means of an output device like a computer screen or a printout. In humans, the result of information processing is exhibited through behaviour or actions, for example a facial expression, a reply to a question, or body movement.
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