Society has experienced a revolution in information and communication during the last fifty years. This revolution is likely to continue to impact not only on the administration of the Nigeria, but on the society at large. The argument proposed here asserts that equality of opportunity of women and men is more likely to be achieved if both genders embrace the changes now occurring in communication and information use with similar vigour.
This term paper seeks to highlight on the concept of gender discrimination, even as sundry instances of the persistent issue is well sustained. The argument proposed here provides an anecdotal rather than theoretical overview of the way in which ...view middle of the document...
This differential gender impact underlies the UNDP (1997) statement that “for too long it was assumed that development was a process that lifts all boats, that its benefits trickled down to all income classes–and that it was gender neutral in its impact.
Over the last several decades a number of strategies have emerged and evolved to promote gender equity in development efforts. Yet debates regarding the relative efficacy of these strategies remain. It is against this backdrop, that assessment of information technology strategies and applications in bringing the issue to a standstill is carried out in this term paper.
This term paper focuses on gender disparity in the Third World countries while analysing the dimension and severity of these inequalities. The need to eliminate these gender dichotomy and the roles of information technology in arresting these anomalies are well elaborated. It examines the differential gender outcome of this progress and probable causes.
OVERVIEW OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Information technology (IT) is a branch of engineering dealing with the use of computers and telecommunications equipment to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data. According to Information Technology Association of America (ITAA) IT is "the study, design, development, application, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems". The term is commonly used as a synonym for computers and computer networks, but it also encompasses other information distribution technologies such as television and telephones.
THE CONCEPT OF GENDER DISPARITY
Gender disparity refers to inequality between individuals due to gender. It emerges from differences in both socially constructed gender roles as well as biologically through chromosomes, brain structure, and hormonal differences. Gender systems are often dichotomous and hierarchical; binary gender systems may reflect the inequalities that manifest in numerous dimensions of daily life. Gender inequality stems from distinctions, whether empirically grounded or socially constructed.
MEASURING GENDER DISPARITY
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), in 2010 introduced an index called “Gender Inequality Index (GII)” for measurement of gender disparity. According to the UNDP, this index is a composite measure which captures the loss of achievement, within a country, due to gender inequality, and uses three dimensions to do so: reproductive health, empowerment, and labour market participation. The new index was introduced as an experimental measure to remedy the shortcomings of the previous, and no longer used, indicators, the Gender Development Index (GDI) and the Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM), both of which were introduced in the 1995 Human Development Report.
The GII's dimension of reproductive health has two indicators: the Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR), and the adolescent fertility rate (AFR). With a low MMR, it is implied that pregnant...