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Informed Consent Essay

1104 words - 5 pages

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Informed Consent in Emergency Situations |
By |
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Liz Marotz |
3/1/2016 |

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I. Introduction

A. Explanation of an Informed Consent
B. Type of Informed Consent
C. How to use an Informed Consent in Emergency Situations
II. Elements of Full informed consent

A. Assessment of patient understanding
B. The Nature of the decision/Procedure
III. Interventions that require Informed Consent

A. Cancer Screening test
B. Clinical Decision

IV. Waive Informed Consent Form

A. Reason to waive
B. Who gives the approval of waiver

V. Conclusion

A. Summary

Informed consent means that permission is granted in the knowledge of the possible
consequences, ...view middle of the document...

Furthermore, the emergency situation may impair the ability of potential participants and their representatives to make informed decisions because of anxiety, pain, or impaired consciousness. Waiting on consent could mean life or death. For a patient to be considered legally informed, the informed consent requires a patient to have reasonable knowledge of the procedure to be performed as well as some understanding of the nature of the risks involved in the procedure. They need to be aware of the diagnosis, which should include an understanding of any steps taken to determine the diagnosis. Also they must know the nature of the proposed treatment, including the potential risks of the treatment and the probability of success. For some this is a huge factor when making a decision. One must medically recognize alternative measures relating to diagnosis or treatment and also the consequences of the decision they make to decline or refuse the treatment. The role of the physician is to talk to the patient themselves, rather than a representative, nurse, or other related health care professional. They must inform the patient of the diagnosis and the nature and the purpose of the treatment or procedure. The physician must be able to list the benefits along with any of the risks of the treatment plan. There also must be an alternative to the proposed treatment or procedure. Alternatives should be discussed regardless of their cost and regardless of whether they will likely be covered by the patient's health insurance along with the risk of the alternative treatment. Lastly, the physician must let the patient know the risks and benefits of not receiving or undergoing any treatment or procedure. The role of the Patients is they must listen to the physician and should ask questions of the physician if they do not understand, or if they would like more detailed information. A mentally disabled person has an appointed guardian authorized to make medical decisions, informed consent, for that individual. Medical providers need to make sure that when they obtain informed consent for incompetent individuals, they have obtained it from the correct person or persons. A parents can give informed consent for treatment for their minor children. In the event that a patient is unable to take in information and make their own wishes known,...

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