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Inside Schizophrenia Essay

1471 words - 6 pages

Inside Schizophrenia

In 1887, Dr. Emile Kraepelin, a German physician, discovered a distinct mental disorder characterized by hallucinations, delusions, and extremely impaired thinking, emotions and overall behavior. He called it “dementia praecox”; however in 1911, a Swiss psychiatrist, Eugen Blueler found that the term, “schizophrenia” was more fitting for the disorder. Blueler coined the phrase and it was found that the word has a Greek origin with the meaning, “split brain”. This definition is spot on because the symptoms of schizophrenia demonstrate a split between perception and senses. Although schizophrenia was only named just over one hundred years ago, its symptoms and behaviors ...view middle of the document...

Those with paranoid schizophrenia tend to be very angry, argumentative, anxious and absent- minded, resulting in a struggle to continue relationships. Paranoid schizophrenia is the most common type of schizophrenia worldwide. Undifferentiated schizophrenia is a type of schizophrenia that includes symptoms of all four other types, yet not enough symptoms to be differentiated from another. Lastly, catatonic schizophrenia is defined as difficulty in coordination.  People with catatonic schizophrenia may experience long, still moments if immobility in which it may seem as if not one muscle is able to move. Catatonic schizophrenics may also appear extremely clumsy and may appear to be unable to control their facial expressions.

Although there is not more main cause that science has pinpointed, schizophrenia has many possible causes. These causes fall under genetics and environment; however, it is most commonly acquired genetically. It is said that those that have an immediate relative with the disorder are ten percent of the schizophrenia population. Another cause is a malfunction in the brain chemical makeup due to a specific gene that has been seen to repeatedly error causing a problem in higher functioning skills. Environmental factors are also thought to cause schizophrenia. Malnutrition, and exposure to viruses have been seen to cause the mental disorder, although the exact reason has not been discovered. Schizophrenia has also been caused by imbalanced brain chemistry and reactions involving the neurotransmitters dopamine and glutamate, which make brain cells able to communicate. If brain cells cannot communicate, the brain cannot function, hence the onset of schizophrenia. In those with schizophrenia, it has been observed that there may be large fluid- filled cavities in the brain, which hinder brain activity. Scientists are still learning and working and studying to uncover the major cause of such a severe mental disorder.

Those suffering from schizophrenia are effected in a plethora of ways. The main symptom can be described as “losing touch with reality”. The “positive” effects include hallucinations, delusions, dysfunctional ways of thinking, and irritated movements of the body. Hallucinations are aspects of the five senses that schizophrenics experience in a very real manner that are not actual and are not experienced by anyone else. It is said that “voices” are the most common hallucination of the disorder. Delusions are false beliefs that one with schizophrenia cannot help but believe with all conviction are true. These beliefs are not true or logical and they do not change. Many delusions include the schizophrenic believing they are a glorified person in God’s and society’s eyes, or believing they are being hunted and chased by someone who knows their subconscious. Disorganized thoughts are also extremely prevalent in schizophrenics. Those suffering experience difficulty in connecting thoughts or expressing them. This can also...

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