4-MAT Review: Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity
The book, Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity (2010) by David N. Entwistle, readers are first presented with the concept of the conflict between the integration of Christianity and psychology. Psychology is founded on the truth while Christianity focuses on an individual’s faith. This leads one to question whether Christianity and psychology are possible to coexist. Entwistle offers a statement that is fundamentally an examination of the entire book: “The integration of psychology and theology is virtually inevitable due to their mutual interest in understanding the ...view middle of the document...
Entwistle focuses on an individual named Francis Bacon who gave descriptions of two books that were written by God: God’s Word and God’s Works. The Bible, which is referred to as God’s Word, discloses the determination of God while God’s Works reflects on the deeds he carried out during creation. In addition, Entwistle introduces five disciplinary relationships: enemies, spies, colonialists, neutral parties, and allies (Entwistle, 2010). Enemies are classified as either secular or Christian; however, both agree there is no coexistence between faith and science within psychology. Spies are Christians with an educational background in psychology but are focused in finding only concepts within their own religious affiliation that can benefit them (Entwistle, 2010).
Colonialists mix aspects of psychology along with their own beliefs. They feel that psychology is beneficial but they do not have a background in psychology. Those who classify themselves as neutral are those who are indifferent when it comes to the integration of psychology within secular and theological opinions. With this attitude, neutral groups can maintain their differences by ensuring Christianity and science remain separate. The allies model views God’s truth is all truth and that God is dominant over everything. This model is aware of the way in which people are influenced by their Christian worldview and how they seek most information from Christian resources.
The remaining chapters of this book focused on the integration and its correlations with theory, research, psychotherapy, religion, the workplace, and professional ethics. This is geared to assist the reader in understanding both psychological and theological mindsets within Christianity. In addition, Entwistle mentions that development research must also be taken into consideration when creating future counseling techniques. While integration is difficult, it provides a highly rewarding career in Christian counseling.
Throughout this book the one thing I was reminded of was my future goals and the decision to pursue my degree. I had been out of school a few years and had constantly said I would not go back because I was too tired or too busy. I found myself wanting to find a program that would allow me to feel like I had a purpose in life. I started off looking at local schools as I had planned on commuting; however, none of these schools were giving me a feeling of excitement. I knew if I was going back, I wanted to be excited. It took prayer, research, and soul searching to figure out what program and school I was being called to go attend.
As I reflected back on my life, I realized that the one thing I have always had a passion for was the concept of assisting others. Each job I had worked allowed me to help someone see they could accomplish goals and persevere in life. It was then I knew I wanted to work in a field where I could continue my passion of helping others. Even though...