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Internet Privacy Laws In China Essay

2402 words - 10 pages

Internet Privacy Laws in China

Introduction

As domestic economies globalize, the line has blurred from where an item is built, where it is sold and where it is serviced. It provides opportunities for individuals in many communities to expand their knowledge and learn about other cultures. Outsourcing has flourished in China and it has enabled its citizens to hone their skills by broadening their education to learn new trades and has created new wealth in a rather lifeless economy. The internet and email has been the main force, for it provides people from all over the world the ability to communicate and learn about each other. The Internet is expanding people’s minds; it facilitates ...view middle of the document...

This action of censoring and striking down nonviolent, disobedient citizens has been occurring for decades. In June of 1989, several hundred civilians were shot dead by the Chinese army during a bloody military operation to crush a democratic uprising in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square. Tanks rumbled through the capital as the army moved into the area from all directions, randomly firing on unarmed protesters and bystanders [4].

Other countries have been struggling to determine how much freedom to provide its citizens. The European Union does not have any form of generalized and mass surveillance, and asks that its countries are instead given the freedom to decide their own approach [7]. However, since the terrorist attacks of 9/11/2001 in the US and 3/11/2004 in Spain, many European countries are rethinking their privacy laws. They are not, however, considering censorship as in the Peoples Republic of China. They are merely considering incorporating laws similar to the United States’ Patriot Act.

In the US, the Patriot Act was incorporated into the 2001 edition of "Searching and Seizing Computers and Obtaining Electronic Evidence in Criminal Investigations" only a few days after the events of 9/11. These types of directives allow law enforcement officials to use surveillance against more crimes of terror and has been updated the law to reflect new technologies and new threats [5]. Law officials may use email, internet site history and other means of tracking to be used to pursue suspects. Like Europe, the US does not aim to censor its constituents; rather use the Patriot Act as a tool to fight terrorism.

This paper aims to provide information about China’s privacy laws and their ethical aspects. The author will then delve into how and why China suppresses free speech and tightly controls the Internet. The European Union and the United States’ views on privacy are compared and contrasted to demonstrate the vast difference of privacy regulation in China. The author provides his view on China’s internet privacy laws and how other countries can help ease the tension between the Chinese citizens and its government.

Privacy Laws in China

The concept of privacy is not close to attainable by the people of China. However, as China’s economy grows and becomes more global, the socialist lifestyle may slowly change to more of a democratic one.

As described earlier, there are very limited rights to privacy in China provided by the constitution. Many of the articles in the constitution vaguely state that the people of China have rights but must be regulated by the state to ensure security. On paper, the laws look very democratic. They claim that every person has the right to personal privacy and protected from insults that may defame their reputation. However, when it comes to actually protecting their citizens, the government will not tolerate acts of criticism of any kind – whether against the government or a fellow countryman....

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