1550 words - 7 pages

Sir Isaac Newton : ContributionsOne of the most important scientists of all time, Isaac Newton, made many discoveries and theories that have changed the world. His studies in physics have influenced modern physics greatly with his laws of motion, his study of light, and his law of gravitational motion. Newton also created one of the most important scientific books of all time, the Principia, widely regarded as one of the most influential works on physics of all times. Newton has been one of the most influential and important people throughout history with his theories and his studies.Isaac Newton, one of the greatest English scientists and mathematicians, was born in Woolsthorpe, ...view middle of the document...

His uncle who attended Cambridge College detected a scholar in Newton, and he urged him to go to Cambridge. In 1660, Isaac attended Cambridge, and in 1665 he graduated. Newton had to leave Cambridge because of the plague, and it was during this time that Newton developed most of his significant discoveries. Because Newton was very reclusive, Newton did not, however, publish his results. (Weisstein).Newton's four greatest achievements was the study of light, the invention of the binomial theorem, the discovery of calculus, and the theory of universal gravitation. Newton's prism experiments made him famous. "Newton, at 27 became professor of mathematics at Cambridge. He was elected to the Royal Society in 1672, where he reported his experiments on light and color to the Society" (Asimov 103). Newton rarely went to bed till two or three o' clock, sometimes not till five or six. He used to employ six weeks in his laboratory till he finished his experiments. But Newton's fame also brought him some enemies. Hooke was Newton's main rival. He started this rivalry when Newton reached the Royal Society (Asimov, 106). Hooke accused Newton of stealing the idea of the inverse square law. "Hooke, a member of the Royal Society, was a prolific man when it came to scientific inventions and theories" (Muir 115). He attacked Newton for stealing his ideas and maintained a lifelong enmity, clearly founded on jealousy. Newton was one of the most well known scientists in his time, "as Newtonian science became increasingly accepted on the Continent" (Muir 117).Newton was "at the height of his creative power, he singled out 1665-1666 (spent largely in Lincolnshire because of plague in Cambridge) as the prime of my age for invention." During those couple of years, he prepared Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy) also known as the Principia which has one of the biggest impacts on today's Physics (Hull). It is perhaps the "most powerful and influential scientific treatise known to man" ("Newton"). In his book he covered his discovery of calculus, theories for light and color, and planetary motion ("Newton"). Book I begins with eight definitions and three axioms. These are later called Newton's Laws of Motion ("Newton"). In Book II, Newton treats the motion of bodies through restating mediums as well as the motion of fluids. He discredited Descartes system of planetary laws, saying that the vertices of Descartes could not be self-sustaining. Book II was not originally part of the original outline ("Newton"). Newton's Book III, also called "System of the World," stated the famous law of Universal gravitation. Newton used gravitational attraction to explain the motion of the planets and their moons. Newton's laws became the physical and intellectual foundation of the modern world view ("Newton"). The Principia is widely regarded as the most "important and influential works on physics of all time" with many of those...

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