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It Frameworks Essay

1368 words - 6 pages

The abilities and advancements of Internet Technology are constantly evolving and growing. For corporations, this is as much a blessing as it is a curse. As the old saying goes, ‘with great power comes great responsibility.’ Look at any given corporation; most likely every department is in some way using IT to improve current processes, assist in financial reporting, expand and create new processes, etc. Given the extensive use of the advanced IT capabilities of today, a need for the IT security objectives and business objectives to align is created. The Information Technology Governance Institute (ITGI) illustrates this best in the statement, “While many organizations recognize the ...view middle of the document...

” Widely used frameworks for enterprise governance due to requirement for SOX compliance are the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission’s (COSO’s) Internal Control – Integrated Framework or Enterprise Risk Management – Integrated Framework. A key component of the IT governance framework selected is its cohesiveness with the organization’s enterprise governance framework.
As noted in the introduction, for basically all organizations, IT is fundamental to support, sustain and grow the business. (ITGI) Along with the benefits of Information Technology, comes the risks and need to manage these risks. Given the extensive and critical impact of IT on the organization, IT Governance should not be a separate set of objectives and principles followed by only a certain group of the organization; it should be an integrated part aligned with the overall Enterprise Governance practices. As a result, IT Governance is accurately defined by the ITGI as “the leadership, organizational structures, and processes that ensure that the enterprise’s IT sustains and extends the enterprise’s strategies and objectives”.
Establishing an IT Governance process begins with identifying the IT objectives and principles the organization wishes to implement, the risks they wish to manage as well as the regulations they may legally be required to follow. All of these factors will assist in determining which framework they chose. Key business leaders have two broad options in framework selection: adopt a standard framework or create a framework based on best practices of these standard frameworks developed over the years. We will introduce several of the major frameworks then later compare the strengths and weaknesses of each to create a best practices framework as an organization may wish to do.
Widely considered the leading IT governance and control framework with acceptance even spanning internationally, Control Objectives for Information and related Technology (COBiT) is an experienced framework originally established in 1996 by the Information Systems Audit and Control Association (ISACA). Since the original released version, there have been four editions and is now published by ITGI. As defined by ITGI, COBIT is an IT governance framework and supporting toolset that allows managers to bridge the gap between control requirements, technical issues and business risks. “In particular, COBIT’s Management Guidelines component contains a framework responding to management’s need for control and measurability of IT by providing tools to assess and measure the enterprise’s IT capability for the 34 COBIT IT processes.” (ISACA.ORG) The tools include: (1) Performance measurement elements (outcome measures and performance drivers for all IT processes) (2) A list of critical success factors that provides succinct, nontechnical best practices for each IT process (3) Maturity models to assist in benchmarking and decision-making for capability improvements...

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