Different religious texts, Qur’an.
1. The internet: example (google, Wikipedia)
2. The constitution
3. Political texts
4. Can be ideas
Critical Questions for Galileo.
Peripatetic is another word for Aristotelian.
Ipse dixit = Latin for “having said so”
Primum mobile = first, or prime, mover
Note that this is an excerpted text: some of the arguments that seem missing are covered, thoroughly, in the full book.
• 1632, written by Galileo in Italian (usually written in Latin), wants to make point to common people
• 17th century, unbounded nature of knowledge
1. Who speaks for whom in the dialogue?
b. Sagredo “sacred” (comes from word for blood)- on Galileo’s side
c. Simplicio “Simplistic, simple minded”- ...view middle of the document...
ARGUMENT BY ANALOGY (could be SOURCE as well)- relevantly similar to the actual model of the universe
4. What is the point of the arguments about the alphabet and painter’s palette on pages 64 and 65? What kind of arguments are they?
a. Bad to look at Aristotle’s book and expecting to find everything
b. Alphabet is the building blocks for larger thoughts, same with paints and paintings
c. ARGUMENT BY ANALOGY (could be EXAMPLE as well)
5. How does the invention of the telescope come up on page 65?
a. Simplicio claims that Aristotle creates everything, including the Telescope
b. Telescope actually created in 1608
c. Simplicio believes Aristotle created it, simply because Aristotle wrote about seeing the stars
6. How does Salviati claim that Aristotle himself would have reacted to the use of his arguments (66)?
a. Aristotle would be angry
b. Simplicio makes Aristotle appear as an idiot, turn into Dogma
c. Argues that Aristotle would have been more interested in truth
7. How does the argument about the sculptor on page 66 work? What kind of argument is it?
a. NON-DEDUCTIVE by ANALOGY
b. Aristotle’s authority comes from onlookers, people afraid to challenge his dogma
c. DOGMA- Never questioned, foundations uncertain
8. What does Salviati’s discussion at the very bottom of 66/top of 67 teach us about argumentation?
It is important to acknowledge limitations of our knowledge
9. What is the main dispute at hand (68)?
Heliocentricity vs egocentricity
10. Salviati outlines his argument on 69- 70, at length. What is it?
The Earth revolves around the sun and the Earth slowly rotates.
11. Is the idea that the earth might move entirely new, with Copernicus and Galileo?
No, a few ancient thinkers had similar ideas
12. What is Simplicio’s argument, at the bottom of 70, about bulk? How does Sagredo develop it (by means of what analogy)?
It makes more sense for a smaller object to rotate around a larger one, rather than a larger object to move around a