Why did Japan adopt an aggressive foreign expansion policy in the 1930s?
1.Need for raw materials for the industrial program
-Japanâ€™s economy declined steadily after WW1 as the European economy recovered in the early 1920s.
-This resulted in the European markets dominating in the markets in Europe and Asia.
-Thus Japan had to find new market for their goods.
-Adopting an aggressive foreign policy will help them solve their problems.
2. Effects Great Depression.
-The GD further aggravated the reasons why Japan went on an aggressive foreign policy.
-Japanâ€™s exports dropped by two-thirds.
-Drop in demand for silk ...view middle of the document...
-Support for the civilian government decreased.
-Under Emperor Hirohito, the army, navy, and air force were extreme nationalists.
-This resulted in them being more powerful then the civilian government from the 1920s.
-This was made worse when the government could not solve the economic and social problems.
-Many Japanese thus looked to the military to solve their problems
-The Great Depression fuelled the Japanese to support the military more
- as many of the peasants were the army recruits who were affected by the Great Depression and hence supported an aggressive foreign policy
- The military received more support when support when they too wanted to adopt an aggressive foreign policy to make Japan
- as strong as possible
- increase the prestige of Japan based on their Co-prosperity plan
- it was to free the Asians from foreign rule and establish an â€œAsia for Asiansâ€
Why did the Japanese army invade Manchuria in 1931?
Protect Japanâ€™s interest in Manchuria
-When Japan got the Liadong area after WW1, the Japanese army stationed at that area and in other part of Manchuria to guard its bases and economic interests.
-Economic interests such as important mines, ports, railways and factories.
-Japanese army feared Chinese Nationalists government under Chiang Kai-Shek, in its attempt to unify China, will expel Japan from its economic interests in Manchuria.
-Japanese army stationed in Manchuria used the Mukden incident as an excuse to seize control of Manchuria.
Militarist ambition to obtain colonies as part of Empire building
-Invaded Manchuria because of the rise of Nationalism and Militarism and the waning power of the civilian government in China.
-GD discredited Japanâ€™s democratic government to solve Japanâ€™s problems.
-Paved the way for the increasing influence of the militarists
-Militarists pushed for an aggressive empire-building to restore Japanâ€™s honour and prestige.
-Japanese army wanted to turn Manchuria into a Japanese colony, thus invading Manchuria.
*refer to up there..itâ€™s the same old crap.* + Manchuria becam the target for raw materials such as oil, iron, aluminum, coal, forestry and minerals. Manchuria would also serve as an alternative market for Japanâ€™s export.
Quest for Living Space
*refer to up there again* + Manchuria was 3times bigger then Japan and had Â¾ arable flat land. Manchuria was also of close proximity to Japan. Manchuriaâ€™s land could be used to build houses, for agriculture and building industries.
Why did Japan retaliate against the West?
-Japan faced political discrimination.
-After Japan won the Russo-Japanese war in 1905, the West viewed Japan as a threat.
-Therefore they aimed to suppress Japanese military power.
-In the Washington Naval Conference (itâ€™s aim was to get countries to reduce their navies in the...