Japan History Wwii Essay

2185 words - 9 pages


Why did Japan adopt an aggressive foreign expansion policy in the 1930s?

Economic Problems
1.Need for raw materials for the industrial program

-Japan’s economy declined steadily after WW1 as the European economy recovered in the early 1920s.

-This resulted in the European markets dominating in the markets in Europe and Asia.

-Thus Japan had to find new market for their goods.

-Adopting an aggressive foreign policy will help them solve their problems.

2. Effects Great Depression.

-The GD further aggravated the reasons why Japan went on an aggressive foreign policy.

-Japan’s exports dropped by two-thirds.

-Drop in demand for silk ...view middle of the document...

-Support for the civilian government decreased.

-Under Emperor Hirohito, the army, navy, and air force were extreme nationalists.

-This resulted in them being more powerful then the civilian government from the 1920s.

-This was made worse when the government could not solve the economic and social problems.

-Many Japanese thus looked to the military to solve their problems

-The Great Depression fuelled the Japanese to support the military more

- as many of the peasants were the army recruits who were affected by the Great Depression and hence supported an aggressive foreign policy

- The military received more support when support when they too wanted to adopt an aggressive foreign policy to make Japan

- as strong as possible

- increase the prestige of Japan based on their Co-prosperity plan

- it was to free the Asians from foreign rule and establish an “Asia for Asians”

Why did the Japanese army invade Manchuria in 1931?

Protect Japan’s interest in Manchuria

-When Japan got the Liadong area after WW1, the Japanese army stationed at that area and in other part of Manchuria to guard its bases and economic interests.

-Economic interests such as important mines, ports, railways and factories.

-Japanese army feared Chinese Nationalists government under Chiang Kai-Shek, in its attempt to unify China, will expel Japan from its economic interests in Manchuria.

-Japanese army stationed in Manchuria used the Mukden incident as an excuse to seize control of Manchuria.

Militarist ambition to obtain colonies as part of Empire building

-Invaded Manchuria because of the rise of Nationalism and Militarism and the waning power of the civilian government in China.

-GD discredited Japan’s democratic government to solve Japan’s problems.

-Paved the way for the increasing influence of the militarists

-Militarists pushed for an aggressive empire-building to restore Japan’s honour and prestige.

-Japanese army wanted to turn Manchuria into a Japanese colony, thus invading Manchuria.

Raw materials

*refer to up there..it’s the same old crap.* + Manchuria becam the target for raw materials such as oil, iron, aluminum, coal, forestry and minerals. Manchuria would also serve as an alternative market for Japan’s export.

Quest for Living Space

*refer to up there again* + Manchuria was 3times bigger then Japan and had ¾ arable flat land. Manchuria was also of close proximity to Japan. Manchuria’s land could be used to build houses, for agriculture and building industries.

Why did Japan retaliate against the West?

Political Factor

-Japan faced political discrimination.

-After Japan won the Russo-Japanese war in 1905, the West viewed Japan as a threat.

-Therefore they aimed to suppress Japanese military power.

-In the Washington Naval Conference (it’s aim was to get countries to reduce their navies in the...

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