The North-South relations changed from 1859 to 1863. These changes are expressed by the views about John Brown and his raid on the federal armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. Before the war began, the North viewed Brown as nothing but trouble, but they saw his intentions to abolish slavery as understandable. In the documents, you can clearly see as the war approaches, the views about Brown drastically changed in the North and show that the North wants one thing and that is the abolishment of slavery.
In document A, Horace Greeley, editor of the New York Tribune, disapproves of Brown's method to abolish slavery but he did agree with Brown's motives behind his actions. Although Greeley disapproves of the method, he wishes slavery could be abolished through other actions. He shows this when he writes "there and fit and unfit modes of combating a great evil; we think Brown at Harper's Ferry pursued the ...view middle of the document...
.. bestowing upon him all the praise due to a hero...". The Republicans apologize for Brown's actions but underneath they praise him. Both groups of people praise Brown for what he did. Now, two years before the war, the North-South relations were quickly deteriorating as the issue of slavery was becoming everybody's problem.
The Democrats, who were a southern party, blamed the northern Republicans for Brown's actions. This caused problems for the republicans running for office in the 1860 elections. In document E, Abraham Lincoln, one of the presidential candidates, accused the Democrats of "bushwhacking" after they "had just been whipped in some state elections...". This event, only one year before the war, clearly shows that there was now political conflict between the North and the South.
Many slaves praised Brown for what he did even after the war. Fredrick Douglas, in document F, expresses his gratitude and respect towards Brown when he states in his letter to a group of abolitionist "to have been acquainted with John Brown... I esteem as among the highest privileges of my life. We do but honor to ourselves in doing honor do him..." The attitude of respect and gratitude towards Brown was common in the North after 1860. After his handing people really began to recognize him as martyr.
Document G, a civil war song, "The Old Song", praised Brown. The song says that his body "lies a-mouldering in the grave; but his soul is marching on." It also says "he's gone to be a soldier in the army of the Lord." Document H, a picture, depicting Brown as a angelic figure, which goes along with the song's view of Brown.
The views of Brown and his raid on Harpers Ferry changed from 1859 to 1863 and so did the relations between the North and the South. The whole entire North praised and honored Brown by the time the war broke out and continued after. The South resented Brown and his actions to abolish slavery, and that clearly didn't change. With the North honoring and supporting Brown and the South resenting him, the Civil War was inevitable. The North's change in viewpoint deteriorated the relations it had with the South.