Question #2: Define community oriented policing and problem-oriented policing.
Community Oriented Policing is a strategy and method of law enforcement that brings together the community and its members with the police to solve criminal and social problems and concerns. Problem Oriented Policing is the analysis of the problems faced by the police and the community to establish a plan for long-term handling and resolution of those problems.
In the past, police officers had beats or areas and became familiar with the neighborhoods, the businesses, the citizens and criminals. They were a part of enforcing the law as well as resolving problems in that community. With larger cities, urban sprawl, or large territories to police, the “neighborhood cop” vanished, replaced by officers in cars that were only seen in passing. Law enforcement faded from being a part ...view middle of the document...
Business owners can discuss concerns and crime and in return, learn ways to prevent thefts and make their businesses safer and more secure. The police can get other government agencies involved, such as code enforcement, public works, and others to aid in cleaning up neighborhoods and eliminating or turning back the “broken windows” effect.
Community Oriented Policing many areas than those I listed but I believe it should also involve the children in the community. If we plan for long-term change, children are the future adults and leaders of the community. We should have officers in schools, officers that teach DARE and GREAT, and we should teach and be examples of community involvement. My department has after school sports programs and school mentoring programs to help the kids in need and give them guidance and hope. Community Oriented Policing is a forward-looking method and there should be a strong component to involve the youth of the community.
Problem Oriented Policing is a component of the Community Oriented Policing model. POP is the analysis of problems, development of strategy to resolve the problems, gathering the agencies and resources to resolve the problem, implementing the plan and then assessing the results. The community is involved in the strategy, implementation, and reassessment of problem resolution. In my department, we have officers and supervisors dedicated to POP. They are responsible for all phases from planning to implementation and reassessment. The community and our county officials love the program because they see, and are a valuable part of, the results.
Community Oriented Policing and Problem Oriented Policing are more effective because they involve everyone in the community. We should be part of the community and not just law enforcers. Many call Community Oriented Policing a “non-traditional” method of law enforcement but I believe it is actually reviving tradition and modernizing it.
Vito, Gennaro F., Kunselman, Julie C., Juvenile Justice Today 1st ed., Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall