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Karl Marx Essay

1047 words - 5 pages

Karl Marx: Sociologist of the 19th Century

Karl Marx: Sociologist of the 19th Century
Karl Marx was a man who was way ahead of his time. He was born in modern day Germany in 1818. He came from a long line of rabbis but decided not to follow that lifestyle. At the age of 17 he decided to attend Bonn University. He was taking law classes at Bonn University, but a year later he enrolled at the University of Berlin. While attending Berlin Karl Marx joined a group called Young Hegelians. This was a radical group full of students who criticized religion and politics. This was really the first noted time that Marx questioned authority, but would not be the last. Karl Marx graduated ...view middle of the document...

This League based a majority of their ideas off of Marx’s ideas. They agreed with Marx ideas to such an extent that they asked Marx to write a Manifest for them. This manifest would later become to be known as The Communist Manifesto.
In 1848 while living in Berlin, Marx published and released The Communist Manifesto. This is easily the most famous writing Marx ever had. The Communist Manifesto explained what Marx believed was a rising problem between the bourgeoisie (the wealthy middle class) and the proletariat (the industrial working class) (Lobkowicz 1964.)
The manifesto then explained why Marx and his group, the Communist League, he believed in were truly looking to help the working class overthrow the capitalist society and replace it with socialism. At the end of 1848, the same year the Manifesto was published; there was a lot of protest and riots. A year after publishing the Manifesto, Marx was also kicked out of Belgium. He moved to France but was deported immediately. Marx finally moved to London where he lived out the rest of his life (Wolff 2003.)
Karl Marx is said to be a founding father of sociology. He made many contributions to sociology and had an immense amount of ideas that are still believed today. Many of them were about the separation of classes, and the theory of historical materialism.
Karl Marx believed that society was structured into classes and that ideas of nations were just socially constructed. Due to the industrial revolution there were 2 main classes. Those classes were the owners of factories and machinery, and the people who worked for them. In Marx mind these two classes were almost at a war with each other (Marx 1963.) The working class had little to no rights when it came to working, while the factory owners had all the rights. Due to this Marx believed that the working class should rise up against the owners.
Another view Karl Marx had been historical materialism. There were multiple layers to this concept. One small view was the belief that peoples actions aren’t based faith or nationalism, but on gaining...

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