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Karl Marx The Communist Manifesto Essay

802 words - 4 pages

Karl Marx was one of the most influential idealogues of the 19th and 20th centuries. His seminal document The Communist Manifesto of 1847 was the first of its kind to expound the communist philosophy. Karl Marx's communism was a synthesis of the ideas and actions that had evolved since the Enlightenment, the French Revolutions, and the Industrial Revolution. The Communist Manifesto encompassed a large field of influences including but not limited to socialism, classical economics, evolution and revolution.Socialism emerged as a response to the Industrial Revolution. It was a form of class consciousness, an attempt to offer viable remedies to the deplorable and soulless existence of the vast ...view middle of the document...

To expound briefly: dialectical materialism states that the progression of history is the direct result of economic forces (economic determinism), and "the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles" (Marx, p. ) against these forces and each other. The dialectic is the interplay of tensions between the thesis, or dominating force (bourgeoisie) and the antithesis, or challenge to the dominant force (proletariat), and the synthesis of this struggle (communism/socialism).Marx used dialectical materialism to elucidate the inevitability of the outcome of this synthesis. The existence and survival of industry and the bourgeoisie is imbedded in "the formation and augmentation of capital; the condition for capital is wage-labor. Wage-labor rests exclusively on competition between the laborers. The advance of industry, whose involuntary promoter is the bourgeoisie, replaces the isolation of the laborers, due to competition, by their revolutionary combination, due to association. The development of which the bourgeoisie produces and appropriates products. What the bourgeoisie therefore produces, above all, are its own gravediggers. Its fall and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable." (Marx, p. )The idea of economic determinism was a fundamental component to Marx's communist theory. Marx postulated that the base of "economic reality", in this case capitalism was industrial...

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