Kidney Essay

1095 words - 5 pages

Kidneys are used to filter wastes and fluids in the bloodstream to the urinal system. It is crucial in maintaining the materials and minerals that are good for the body in the blood stream, which circulates throughout the whole body and keeps it healthy. The organelles that are responsible for this progress is called nephrons. Each kidney has about a million of them and they act like filters that removes waste or absorb needed materials in the bloodstream. Without a healthy kidney and working nephrons, the filtering is rendered slower or even completely stopped, causing your body to gradually develop different organ diseases because of the amount of waste that is still in the bloodstream.
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According to NHS, the demand for a kidneys is higher than the supply of kidneys. “From April 2010 to April 2011, there were 1,020 living donations and 1,667 donations taken from recently deceased people. But this still left under 7,000 people on the waiting list for a donation.” From these statistics, we can see that the supply of kidneys isn’t enough to satisfy the demand. Since the demand is so huge, people started to sell their own kidneys to earn money, as a person can live with a single kidney inside their body. This is in fact illegal, as not the people are not registered as official and legal organ donors, which gives them the possibility of have problems with their organs, causing the organ transplant to have no effect or even worsen the health of the patient. The black market also abuses this by gaining more profit for themselves and less for the donor. It has been a problem for a very long time, as governments are unable to prevent this from happening, making more desperate and poor people to sell their kidneys for money to support their families. According to TheGuardian, “Patients, many of whom will go to China, India or Pakistan for surgery, can pay up to $200,000 (nearly £128,000) for a kidney to gangs who harvest organs from vulnerable, desperate people, sometimes for as little as $5,000” (TheGuardian, 2012). The high amount of money that can just be earned from one patient also contributes to the increasing rate of buying and selling of kidneys illegally, continuing to maintain this unfair trade.
Since preventing the trading of kidneys have not always been successful, legalizing it may help to enforce the equal share of profit between the donor and patient. Kidney trading was regarded as an economical problem because of the unfair splitting of money between the people involved. For example, an article from NBCNews stated that an Egyptian couple was “promised $5,400 each. But after surgery, they were stuffed heavily sedated into taxis with just $2,300 each tucked into their clothing.” Even if they had earned some money, they had to pay for their debts and...

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