Kidney Transplant Operations Essay

2667 words - 11 pages

Introduction:

During the past decades, kidney transplants have spread amongst many countries and finally all over the world. That was mainly due to the doctors’ opinions toward this effective kind of operation. In the beginning, doctors used to think that there were no other solutions to curing end-stage kidney disease (ESRD) 1, kidney failure and several other abnormalities related to this important organ other than dialysis. In addition, professors and doctors were not convinced about the outcomes of kidney transplants, thus they were applying this procedure as the last alternative way of treatment.

Briefly, kidney is the organ functioning as a filter in the body, which has multiple ...view middle of the document...

Furthermore, a successful kidney transplant provides a better quality of life because it allows greater freedom and often is associated with increased energy levels and less restricted diet. In this manner, doctors are supporting the successive outcomes followed by kidney transplants under certain conditions. Consequently, kidney transplants are considered one of the most effective transplant operations in the United States.

Nowadays, the ways of obtaining functional kidneys vary. The donated kidney can be provided from a living related donor such as parents, sibling and relatives who share the same gene composition to that of the recipient. In addition, the recipient might get the kidney from an unrelated living donor such as friends and other perfect strangers who wished to donate a kidney to anyone in need of a transplant2. On the other hand, the other source will be mainly from deceased donors in which the donation comes from a cadaver. Living donor transplant is considered the best option compared to cadaver transplant in terms of the duration, which the donated organ will function and respond to the new body.

Basically, in order for a kidney transplant operation to be successfully guaranteed, it has to match for a specific criteria, which doctors have to conduct specific tests in order to make sure that both of the donor and the recipient carry the same tissue type and blood group. Likewise, the kidney will be accepted unless the donor is healthy which indicates that the donor has not been encountered with a chronic disease, which made the donor constricted for certain medications for the rest of his/her life. In addition, the donor should not have a history of cancer or smoking, alcohol or drug abuse and to test whether the donor has had lung, heart or liver diseases. Otherwise, if the tests were not accurate and conducted in specific ways, the patient may develop several side effects that might however increase the risk for the patient rather than providing him with an optimal kidney function. The most important complication that may occur after an unsuccessful transplant is rejection of the kidney, which the patient’s immune system starts attacking against of the donated kidney due to different tissue type between the donor and the receiver.

In fact, if the outcomes of kidney transplantation are compared to the side effects that might follow from kidney transplant surgeries, the expected results that are going to bring the patient’s life back to normal are going to overcome the risks related to this surgery. Thus, kidney transplantation surgeries have been proved to cause no significant side effects on the future lives of either the donor or the recipient compared to the remarkable great outcomes that follow from the transplants3. The side effects may include that the patient has to intake anti-rejection medications for particular period of time in order for the body to recognize the newly transplanted organ, and patient may...

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