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Language And Thought Essay

856 words - 4 pages

Pontificia Universidad javeriana
Lenguaje y Psicología
Natalia Mora
________________________________________________________

TRABAJO # 2

Definir conceptos:

Conducta Verbal: La conducta verbal es el comportamiento cuyo reforzamiento esta mediado por la intervención de otra (s) personas

Comportamiento Ecoico: La conducta verbal cae bajo el control de la estimulación verbal, la respuesta genera un patrón de sonido semejante al del estímulo.
Mandos del tipo ¡“Repite conmigo”! en forma característica producen respuestas en la audiencia que muestran una correspondencia de uno a uno entre el sonido del estímulo y el de la respuesta. Aunque la conducta ecóica usualmente ocurre en ...view middle of the document...

Mas aun, si se enseña una nueva relación de ese objeto musical con una estimulación auditiva de un sonido agudo (C-D), aparecerán automáticamente nuevas relaciones entre la palabra triángulo y el sonido (A-D), entre el objeto y el sonido (B-D). Así se pueden ir aumentando las relaciones incorporando el entrenamiento solo de una de las relaciones, las demás aparecen por efecto de esa historia de aprendizaje.
Conducta Gobernada por Reglas: La "conducta gobernada por reglas" seria aquella que esta bajo control exclusivo de reglas verbales, depende del lenguaje. Es una diferenciación de Skinner, frente a "conducta gobernada por las contingencias", aquella que es aprendida por contacto directo con las consecuencias. Por ejemplo, todos hemos aprendido que se debe "esperar con el semáforo en rojo y mirar a ambos lados antes de cruzar la calle", es un comportamiento aprendido por esa regla o instrucción, Gran parte de nuestros comportamientos sociales se han creado y están controladas por reglas o instrucciones verbales Existen algunos principios de este tipo de conducta, que las diferencia del aprendizaje habitual de otros comportamientos, pues siempre están reforzadas socialmente, y se mantienen por el propio cumplimiento de las reglas.
Conducta Emergente: Es una conducta que se da por la asociación de elementos sin haberse relacionado directamente, no son entrenadas. Un ejemplo de esto seria una una fotografía de un perro, y un empaque de comida de perro.
Proceso adquisición lenguaje Sidman
Con base en la teoría de equivalencia de estímulos, se enseñan a los individuos dos relaciones (A-B y A-C) mediante el procedimiento de igualación a la...

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