LEADERSHIP FOR ORGANIZATIONS
The only constant in the world of business is that everything changes. As the world of business changes, business management and leadership must change with it. Studies of leadership and modification of leadership theory is a continuous process resulting in adapting and updating these theories as the workforce and business climate evolve. Some of the major driving forces of change are globalization, consequences of increased competition, complexity of change, and decrease in hierarchical organization structure (McLaurin, 2006).
The decline in the availability of unskilled jobs coupled with the recent economic downturn has increased American unemployment ...view middle of the document...
The creative output of employees in product development and in developing solutions to organizational change requirements is essential for the sustainability and viability of companies. When people have enthusiasm, their performance will soar and when people are anxious or unhappy, they will not perform as well. Leaders play a key role in setting the emotional tone for a team on a daily basis. Employees who feel empowered will maximize their effort, output, and contribution. Situational leadership theory suggests there is no one best leadership style or method to influence people because the leader must respond to a situation with appropriate task and relationship behavior based on a followers' readiness, abilities, and willingness for interaction, which is a determinant of a leader's effectiveness (McLaurin, 2006).
This learner suggests the situational theory of leadership is the dominant leadership style needed in business for decades to come. Additionally, this learner will expound on the effect of power and influence on followers, the role and effectiveness of transformational and transactional leadership, provide assessment of the traits and characteristics of an effective team leader, and explain how leadership supports vision, mission, and strategy. Finally, discussion presented on what would change in the organization if this learner were the leader of the organization.
Situational Leadership Theory
The situational leadership theory requires leaders to observe, adapt, and respond to the various situations they find themselves in when engaging employees. Furthermore, a determinant of leadership effectiveness comes from leaders matching their style to employee’s style in order to meet organizational objectives supporting the idea that one leadership style does not fit all options available when engaging employees. Utilizing this theory, leaders match directive and supportive styles to meet employee’s level of development and readiness to take on various tasks. A directive style is one-way communication to assist employees accomplish goals by setting goals, timelines, and giving direction. A supportive style is two-way communication and a more participative approach to leadership where team members have input to decision-making, participate in problem solving, and part of an environment of sharing information. The premise for this leadership style is flexibility and treating each employee differently based on the complexity of distributed tasks and level of job maturity relative to each employee.
All aspects of leadership theory challenge leaders to focus on the task of influencing workers to achieve organizational goals in order to improve company product and service offerings. As stated in the text, leadership is the ability to influence others to achieve shared goals (Weiss, 2011). The situational leadership theory supports a multi-dimensional approach to leadership advocating the use of different management styles based upon the...