League Of Nations Essay

1091 words - 5 pages

The League of Nations was created in the harsh circumstances of the post-war period. As it was Wilson who gave to life the idea of the League it was discussed greatly at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. The US president came up with the idea of the organization and so it was him that produced its regulations, also known as the Covenant. This Covenant decided which situations were of concern and how decisions on these were to be reached. At the same time it also decided how the organization as to act in order to achieve and to secure the aims set out. The league was incorporated into all of the peace treaties of the Paris Settlement and aimed at promoting international co-operating and to ...view middle of the document...

The League had to settle these through the peace treaties. Examples of these are the Aaland islands, which belonged to Finland but wanted to be riled by Sweden. This was taken in front of the League and they decided not to change the situation while at the same time promising to protect the right of minorities. Vilna is another example that in 1920 was taken before the League as Poland opposed Vilna to becoming, yet again, the capital of the newly independent Lithuania. The Poles invaded Vilna and finally it was awarded to Finland. Furthermore, another example can be seen through the decision to split Upper Silesia between Poland and Germany as it was inhabited by both and although the plebiscite had shown that they favoured Germany, to stop the rioting it was split. Lastly, in 1923 the incident of Corfu, which started with Italian members of delegation being murdered brought Mussolini to blame Greece on the happenings even through it could have been Albanians or Greeks. The Italian President demanded the Greek Government to find those responsible and to execute them, he also wanted compensation. With the Greeks refusal he bombarded the island of Corfu. The League of Nations wanted Mussolini to leave Corfu and that only after investigations it would be decided if Greece would have to pay. Mussolini, not happy with this, threatened to abandon the League and so the matter was transferred to the Conference of Ambassadors who ruled in favour of the Italians.

The Conference of Ambassadors, formed by Britain, France, Italy and Japan, was only supposed to exist when until the League of Nations was ready to operate. However it continued to exist and in some cases, as in the Corfu incident, it even overruled the League of Nations.

Although forty-two countries had joined the league, USA Germany and Russia were not original members of the League. The US never joined, German became a member in 1926 but then withdrew when Hitler came to power and Russia only joined in 1934. The US refusal to sign with the Treaty of Versailles and never becoming a member of the League resulted in them becoming...

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