This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Learning And Cognition Essay

864 words - 4 pages

Learning and cognition
Christina Huffman-Hansman
390
March 3, 2014
Patty Anstatt

Learning and cognition
Learning is the result of experience which is portrayed through behavior modification. The potential for behavior modification is the result of an individual’s experiences in their environment. Experience is considered the independent variable upon which experience intervenes and creates a dependent variable, known as behavior (Olson, 2013). This learning can take on many forms in terms of measurable behavior.

Behavior is defined as either overt or covert (Olson, 2013). Overt behavior is demonstrated in outward physical changes, such as dribbling a basketball or riding a bike. ...view middle of the document...

The experiment consisted of a dog and the unconditioned response (salivating) to the presentation of food (unconditioned stimulus). Pavlov theorized that pairing the food with a conditioned stimulus (a ringing bell) would create conditioned response. Once the condition is learned the dog will salivate when it hears the bell ring. This type of learning can be measured by observing the behavior demonstrated by the dog.

Instrumental conditioning differs from classical with the use of reinforcements. The reinforcements increase the ability to learn and retain information through experience. Behavior is considered a key element in instrumental conditioning. The desired behavior must occur before the reinforcement is presented in instrumental conditioning. Once the reinforcement is presented, the individual should increase this behavior to more frequently receive the reinforcements. Just as classical conditioning was demonstrated with an experiment which helps define the theory, instrumental conditioning also has a well-known experiment associated with it. This experiment is known as the Skinner box, named from the psychologist B.F. Skinner and his theory on learning. Skinner built a Plexiglas box that contained a lever. When this lever was activated food would be distributed to the rat in the box. The rat would then learn to associate this behavior with the reinforcement or food. This experiment helped to explain Skinner’s theory on instrumental conditioning.

Cognition is the ability to form reason and logic based on experience or knowledge of a situation. An individual’s cognitive development relies heavily on previous experiences paired with the current environment and knowledge of the environment or situation. For example, when an individual is faced with a...

Other Essays Like Learning and Cognition

Psychology Essay

596 words - 3 pages | | | |Describe the basic processes of sensation, perception, learning, cognition, motivation, and abnormal behaviours. | | | |Think critically about the interactive variables that determine their own and others’ behaviours, emotions and thoughts

Theories of Teaching and Learning and the Impact on Classroom Environement

1947 words - 8 pages and action” (Eggen & Kauchak, 2010. Ch2, p46). Vygotsky theorised that private speech promotes cognition through self regulation and remembrance skills. Whichever theory is applied, Eggen & Kauchak (2010, Ch 2, p52) point out that language development is necessary for cognitive development. Both Piaget’s and Vygotsky’ theories “suggest that teachers limit lecturing and explaining…and move toward learning activities that put students

Com220 - Final : Personalized Learning

1645 words - 7 pages people might be, everyone can be grouped into a particular personality type. Personality Types By evaluating a learner and discovering their personality type, an instructor has the opportunity to teach more effectively. Some learners are more apt to learning and working in groups, and others by themselves. Using these personality types and studying how they affect an individual’s cognition, we can extrapolate how a person with a particular

Effect of Internet Usage

1645 words - 7 pages international participants that anyone may associate with by contributing technical expertise. The researchers will conduct this study to help the students of MFI second year IT students to be informed about the effects of internet usage in their academic performance. Theoretical Framework The theoretical framework was formulated using the Emerging Learning Theories which are the (a) socially shared cognition, (b) connectivism, and (c

Addiction

2511 words - 11 pages , behavioural (learning), and cognitive models of addictive behaviour  | * Biological, behavioural (learning), and cognitive explanations for initiation, maintenance, and relapse * Specific explanations of particular addictions including smoking and gambling | MODELS OF ADDICTIVE BEHAVIOUR The models of addictive behaviour attempt to explain the causes and thereby offer insights into how an addiction develops. The assumptions as to the causes

Organisational Learning

2335 words - 10 pages experiential learning theory. It is a theory that merges experience, cognition, behaviour and perception. One of the models of experiential learning theory is the Lewinian Experiential Learning Model. The model emphasises a four-stage cycle, it begins with concrete experience, followed up by observations and reflection based on data collected. Analysis of the data is then made, contributing to conclusions that actors can use in behaviour

The Learning Perspective

1242 words - 5 pages The Learning Perspective The Learning Perspective  Personality psychology is the branch of psychology that studies people personality and their individual different. Personality refers to the person cognition, emotions, motivations, and behaviors people will use in different situation. This also refers to patter of thought and social behaviors especially over time. Your personality it is something that changed over time and adjusts and

Cognitive Theorists

751 words - 4 pages certain types of food, drink, sex-objects, etc; equivalence beliefs – sub-goals leading to major ones acquire similar attractiveness as the end goals; field expectancies – acquisitions of sets of gestalts (internal maps) enable the individual to route himself based on these internal maps; field cognition modes – learning is influenced by the ways that perceptions, memories, and inferences function; drive discrimination – learning to discriminate

Cognitive and Affective Behavior of Students Towards Anime- Chapter 1 (Draft)

757 words - 4 pages focuses on the potential of Anime in affecting the cognitive and affective behavior of students towards learning was thus conceptualized. Specifically, it aimed to: 1.) Investigate on the Anime from the trending literary genre of Japan whose large number of viewers is children and adolescents. 2.) Determine the effect employed by Anime to the cognition of students in secondary level. 3.) Analyze the behavioral traits of the students

The Importance of Brain-Based Learning

2311 words - 10 pages aware that children mature at different rates; their chronological age may not always reflect the student's readiness to learn. Research backing this information up says that it is very important to incorporate facets of health such as; stress management, exercise, and nutrition into the learning process of each student. Another key research idea in brain-based learning says that emotions and cognition cannot be separated. Emotions are crucial to the

Psychology of Music Teaching

1170 words - 5 pages Ethology Music Psychology Support from Indirect Approaches Fetal and Infant Responses to Music The Effect of Brain Damage on Musical Behaviors Amusia Musical Prodigies and Savants Williams Syndrome Alzheimer's Disease Musicogenic Epilepsy and Auditory Hallucinations General Findings from Neuromusical Research Perception and Cognition Affective Responses Musical Performance Music Learning Conclusions Music Psychology for Musicians, p. 6

Related Papers

Learning And Assessment Basics Essay

1837 words - 8 pages Learning and Cognition Critique Marsha Jameson EDU 501: Learning Theories Dr. Oliver Boone February 17, 2013 Describe the modified behaviorist approach you created in your last paper to achieve the desired outcome. My learning outcome is to teach children to Salsa. In my previous critique, I described how I would approach this task from the perspective of a radical behaviorist and from the perspective of a proponent of cognitive

Introduction To Learning Essay

693 words - 3 pages what the role of behavior in learning. Additionally this paper will describe two types of learning and relationship between learning and cognition. According to Gregory Kimble, learning is "a relatively permanent change in behavior potentiality that occurs as a result of reinforced practice" ( Olson and Hergenhahn, 2013). Learning became one of the greatest focused during early twentieth century. Today learning remains to be critical concepts that

Psy/360 Syllabus Essay

1773 words - 8 pages . Readings Read Ch. 13 & 14 of Cognition. Read this week’s Electronic Reserve Readings. Participation Participate in class discussion. 4 of 7 days each week 2 Discussion Questions Respond to weekly discussion questions. DQ1 due on Thursday DQ2 due on Saturday 2 Learning Team Instructions Begin preparation for the Problem Solving and Decision Making Paper and Presentation due in Week Five. Individual Memory Worksheet Resources: Memory

Artificial Intelligence Essay

4544 words - 19 pages ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Architecture of Intelligence Abstract We start by making a distinction between mind and cognition, and by positing that cognition is an aspect of mind. We propose as a working hypothesis a Separability Hypothesis which posits that we can factor off an architecture for cognition from a more general architecture for mind, thus avoiding a number of philosophical objections that have been raised about the "Strong AI