Running Head: Learning Styles
James Mitchell, College 100
November 1, 2009
There are so many theories and research available which try to determine or understand the best way to learn. There are learning styles and several other topics that help you access and evaluate yourself. I have learned that regardless of what learning style you choose that the basics of learning are more fundamental. Based off some of the psychology classes I have taken and research I have completed for this class and in my career I will explain how humans learn through stages and what I have learned about myself.
Vygotsky focused on the connections between people and the social cultural context in which they act and interact in shared experiences (Crawford, 1996). According to Vygotsky, humans use tools that develop from a culture, such as speech and writing, to mediate their social environments. Initially we develop these tools to serve solely as social functions, ways to communicate needs. Vygotsky believed that the internalization of these tools led to higher thinking skills. (Vygotsky, Thinking and Speaking)
In Piaget’s theory, learning and development are largely an individual enterprise by assimilating and accommodating to new experiences, we develop increasingly more advanced and integrated schemes over time. Piaget’s perspective depicts children as doing most of the mental work themselves. However, Vygotsky believed that adults foster children’s learning and development in an intentional and systematic manner. I think Piaget’s stages are realistic. Piaget separates the developmental stages of humans to give a clearer understanding of one’s developmental progress. He starts from the rudimental functions and gradually explains what behaviors are developing and one’s perception of behavior. Piaget’s for stages are:
1. Sensorimotor (birth-about 2 years)
2. Preoperational (2 until about 6 or 7 years)
3. Concrete operational (6-7 – 11-12 years)
4. Formal operational (11 or 12 – adulthood)
My internalization of the environment and the physical reaction to both my natural and environmental stimuli is not only realistic but necessary to categorize one’s cognitive development (cognitive the act or process of perceiving or knowing). Yes there are questions concerning Piaget’s stages; the effect of one’s culture, our ability to consistently reason on a logical or illogical way at any given point or age.
I agree with some of the psychologists who believe that to reject Piaget’s notion of stages entirely would be throwing the baby out with the bath water. I believe there are valuable and vital notions in Piaget’s theory on stages (Ormrod, 2008). It has been a struggle for me to reintegrate myself into school again, learning, reading, and studying, are not and have not been a fun pass-time for me. However, I am grateful for the foundation that I received as a young student in grade school; I received the basic fundamentals to sustain the furthering of my education. There are times that I have problems with time management but the basic fundamentals...