One of the most enchanting things children do is learning how to talk. In a few and short years, most if not all children transition from crying and gurgling to explaining in details what they want and don’t want. From a baby’s gibberish first words through to pre-schooler, elementary to middle school; detailed and defined conversations, early language development milestones are among the most momentous events in any caregivers or parent’s life.
For most children learning how to talk may seem easy but for some it is a stage of struggle and difficulty. Children learn how to talk more easily and faster if the adults in their homes spend enough time talking to them. Other children find it more ...view middle of the document...
* The brain then sends the idea to mouth
* The brain must send signals to the mouth on what words to say and the sounds that makes up for those words. Accented syllables and patterns of intonation must also be incorporated
* The brain has the duty of sending proper signals to speech producing muscle. This are the muscles that control the lips, jaw and tongue
* The muscles must also have enough strength and coordination for them to carry out the commands of the brain.
* There must be sufficient air in the lungs and the chest muscles must be robust to compulse the vocal cords to vibrate. For functional speech to ensue, the air should be going out and not in.
* Again the vocal cords should be in fit and mint condition for clear and loud speech.
* The words produced by the child are supposed to be monitored by his sense of hearing. This will help the child review whatever is said and listen to other new words to be imitated. If words are not clearly heard, the speech will be ‘mumbly’ when reproduced.
A parent or another older person must be inclined to communicate or connect with the child and attentively listen to whatever he is saying. A child would lose his motivation to speak if no one listens. If appropriately stimulation occurs, the processes of learning to talk happen naturally (Hamaguchi, 2001).
Basic stages of learning to talk
The process of learning to talk is innate and starts at birth. This begins when a child experiences voices and sounds. All children are born talking abilities that begin at birth. It doesn’t matter the language that a parent speaks, all children pretty much learn language the same way ( MacShane ,1980).
At this stage all a baby does is coo. He begins to form long prolonged words that change in annotation for example (“Ahh-ah-ahh”)
3 – 6 months
Here a baby begins to bable by using a consonant, a vowel and syllables with intonation changes for example (“Ba-ba-ba- Baa-ba!”).
6 – 9 months
Within this stage, a baby can already comprehend short simple words like No! He babbles and can control the babbling to two syllables. It may sound something like Ma-ma but typically he cannot understand the meaning. When babbling he uses more sounds with syllables such as ba, da, ma, pa, wa, and ka. The baby can also do typical utterances such as “Ga-ma-ga”.
9 – 12 months
At this stage a child has fun babbling and imitating simple words. A child will begin to understand what words represent (ie words represent objects). The child’s speech is not yet meaningful but he will jabber loudly and at times will try to talk. Some of the typical utterances at this point of stage is “Ooooh!” or “Ah-Ah” “Buh-Buh”.
12 - 18 months
The baby can understand 50 to 70 words. He can use 3 to 20 ‘real words’ though not produced clearly. He points, babbles and uses nonsensical words. A baby can utter short words such as “mamma” “no!” “Appu” to mean aple.
18 – 2 years
At this stage a baby can...