Lecture 03 Handout Essay

1307 words - 6 pages


Chapter 3

According to Rear Admiral Grace Hopper, inventor of COBOL and a computer visionary, “Leadership and management are two different things. You lead people and you manage projects.”

The Project Manager

Copyright 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Leadership and Management
!! Leadership

Projects are Riskier
1.! 2.! 3.! 4.!

is a talent only a few are born with !! Management is a skill that anyone can acquire

Expectations are more specific The resources are more diverse–and many are not even in your department Deadlines are shorter No chance to do better next time if there is a problem

Project Management and the Project Manager
The project ...view middle of the document...



Functional manager needs technical skills while project manager need negotiation skills Functional manager must be skilled at analysis while project manager must be skilled at synthesis Functional manager uses the analytic approach while project manager uses the systems approach Functional manager is responsible for a small area while project manager is responsible for the big picture Functional manager is a manager while the project manager is a facilitator



When a project is small, line personnel may be assigned as manager. When conflicts between the line position and the project arise, the project will suffer When a line person is assigned as a project manager, conflicts can arise between the line and project for resource assignment When projects are small, a project manager may manage multiple project. This can be a problem when the projects conflict



Project Manager Responsibilities
1.! 2.! 3.!

The Parent Company
!! Proper !! Timely

The parent company The project/client The project staff

usage of resources and accurate reports

Covered in detail later

!! Keep

project sponsor informed

The Project / Client
!! Preserve

The Project Staff
Very few people will work for the project manager !! The “team” will disband at the end of the project !! The project manager must look out for everyone’s future !! This is in the best interest of the project, otherwise as the project winds down, everyone will be looking after themselves

the integrity of the project

This may be difficult with all sides wanting changes

!! Keep

the client informed of major changes

Special Demands on Project Manager
Acquiring adequate resources Acquiring and motivating personnel !! Dealing with obstacles !! Making project goal trade-offs !! Failure and the risk and fear of failure !! Breadth of communication !! Negotiation
!! !!

Acquiring Adequate Resources
!! Project

budgets are usually inadequate !! There are resource trade-offs that must be considered !! Crises occur that require special resources



Acquiring and Motivating Personnel
!! Most

Acquiring and Motivating Personnel

project workers are borrowed from functional managers !! The project manager negotiates for the desired worker but
The project manager wants the best qualified individual –! The functional manager decides who to assign

!! The

functional manager also decides…

The skill level to assign –! The pay and promotion of the worker assigned to the project
!! Additionally,

the worker will most likely return to the functional manager once the project is finished

Acquiring and Motivating Personnel

Dealing with Obstacles
!! Every !! The

!! Once

workers are assigned to a project, the project manager must motivate them
The project manager have little or no control over pay and promotion –! This is especially true in shorter projects

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