Public Bills, also know as Government Bills, represent perhaps the most important type of legislation. These are proposed laws which relate to public policy in some way, a good example being the Health Act 2006, which among other things, introduced the ban on smoking in public places.
Once a Bill becomes law, it becomes known as an Act of Parliament, but in order to achieve this, it must successfully navigate an often perilous path through both Houses of Parliament.
First Reading â€“ represents the birth of a new piece of legislation. At this stage the title of a Bill will be read in a process known as the â€˜first formal readingâ€™. The Bill is then printed and ...view middle of the document...
must agree to the final text which can lead to a Bill moving backwards and forwards between Lords and Commons on a number of occasions. This is sometimes referred to as â€˜ping pongâ€™.
Royal ascent â€“ Once both houses have agreed on the contents of a bill it will then proceed on for Royal Ascent. It is at this point that a Bill becomes an Act once it has received royal approval. This approval is now merely a formality, and one must look back to 1707/08 for the last time a Monarch refused to give ascent to a Bill, when Queen Anne refused to agree to a bill for settling the Scottish militia.
This is a type of legislation which is concerned with adding details to a previously enacted law. Parliament will be asked to vote on a piece on a Bill which will give a minister the power to regulate the administrative details of the actual legislation.
Private Members Bills
These are bills which are introduced by MPs who are not Government ministers. Due to the time...