LETHAL INJECTION: THE DEATH PENALTY BY POISON
Roan Hieu Trung
Student ID: 1391576
TROY - Saigon Technology University
INTERNATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM CENTER
Legal Environment of Business (LWEN 2621)
Lecturer: Brian Wayne Smith J.D
There are cruel and unusual punishments that are allowed to be carried out in many countries, such as public beheadings of Islams in Saudi Arabia. There are also worse punishments carried out in the U.S, such as gas chamber ("Saudi Arabia”). As technology developed, changes were made in the implementation of capital punishment; lethal injection as a form of death penalty was founded. On January 17, 1888, Lethal Injection was first proposed by Julius Mount ...view middle of the document...
If this occurs the face becomes engorged, the tongue protrudes, the eyes pop, the body defecates, and violent movements of the limbs occur,“ ("Descriptions of Execution”). Prisoners hanged were not guaranteed quick, gentle deaths; they might suffer physical pains for a while before they completely stop breathing. Moreover, their faces were very horrifying.
In the 1890’s, there was a radical change in the manner executions as the state of New York utilized electrocution in implementing the death penalty. The shift from hanging to electrocution can be interpreted as a shift in the attitude towards capital punishment. Although they have made changes but still did not mitigate the physical pain for prisoners. According to the Death Penalty Information Center, U.S. Supreme Court Justice William Brennan once described an execution by electric chair as: “A prisoner's eyeballs sometimes pop out and rest on a cheeks. The prisoner often defecates, urinates, and vomits blood and drool. The body turns bright red as its temperature rises, and the prisoner's flesh swells and his skin stretches to the point of breaking. Sometimes the prisoner catches fire....Witnesses hear a loud and sustained sound like bacon frying, and the sickly sweet smell of burning flesh permeates the chamber,” ("Descriptions of Execution”). In some special situations, prisoners have to go on the electricity chair a second time because the bolt of electricity that went through them did not successfully kill them. For example, in the case of France v. Resweber, a punishment that consisted of two jolts of electricity weeks apart would be cruel ("Cruel and Unusual”). These announcements from legislators defined the electric chair as a cruel and unusual punishment.
When the electric chair is compared to lethal injection as a death penalty, lethal injection is definitely more humane. Drugs are injected into the bodies of the prisoners in order. First, Anesthetic sodium thiopental made prisoners enter a deep sleep. This is a sedative that to take effects within thirty seconds. In medical surgery, patients were injected a dose of 100-150 milligrams in ten to fifteen seconds. When executed, the prisoner may be administered five thousand milligrams. The overdose itself causes death. After this sedative, the prisoners are numb. Next, they inject Pancuronium bromide listing agent, or Pavulon, which stops breathing and Potassium Chloride to make the heart deactivate ("Tử Hình Bằng Tiêm”). This penalty is described as the most painless and quickest death penalty in the history, a euthanasia. The prisoner’s body still remains the same; no bleeding, no distortion, and suitable for any funeral services desired, which is much better than the aftermath of hanging, firing squads, or the electric chairs.
Nowadays, a lot of countries in the world are using lethal injection to execute criminals. America was the first country to use lethal injection. Today, thirty-two states use it as a method of execution....