Task 1 – How would you define criminology? (418 words)
Criminology lives as discipline that many people relate to differently, depending on their academic interests, background and exposure to the topic. For me personally it is useful to acknowledge this in order to develop a deeper understanding of the subject and my charity’s work. Therefore, I believe that the overarching definition of criminology would need to fulfill all the criteria of what we would require an effective theory to embrace, whilst also allowing me to relate to it as a tool that clearly identifies the remit of criminology.
Criteria, such as concrete, evidence-based, quantitative or qualitative and ...view middle of the document...
This work draws on elements from various academic fields, including psychology, economics, anthropology, psychiatry, biology, statistics and other disciplines to explain the causes and prevention of criminal behaviour. We could say that criminology is the ‘study of various ways of systematically thinking about the description, prediction, explanation and control of crime.’
Task 2 – Explain the difference between macro and micro theories used by Criminologists (140 words)
Macro theory and Micro theory are both detailed theories that pay close attention to different aspects of crime and criminal behaviour.
The Macro theory of crime and criminal behaviour explains the larger scale of crime across the world or across a society; they attempt to answer why there are variations in group rates of crime, for example Macro theory may provide an explanation as to why one neighbourhood has a higher crime rate than another local neighbourhood.
In contrast, the Micro theory of crime and criminal behaviour focuses on a small group of offenders or on an individual crime. The theory attempts to answer why some individuals are more likely than others to commit crime for example Micro theory could explain why it is said that women are less inclined towards deviancy and criminal behaviour than men.
Task 3 – Using your knowledge of your local area, consider which particular crimes appear to be increasing or decreasing. Discuss how your perceptions compare with those reported in the official crime statistics. (367 words)
While it is true that Southwark, located in the South East of London, has suffered high crime rates in the past, I believe overall crime rates are decreasing. My impression is that this is due to the amount of effort put into the community by The Safer Southwark Partnership which involves the council community safety team, the fire brigade, the probation service and the police working together. The collaboration between these institutions focuses on reducing crime rates and fear of crime in Southwark.
There are many reasons as to why Southwark has high crime rates compared to the rest of London, these include low education standards, high levels of substance misuse and addiction, high unemployment rates, and several areas which are home to rundown buildings. A further point to bear in mind is our way of internalising the news that we expose ourselves to. The media chooses to focus on areas experiencing...