This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Liberalism As An Ideology Essay

1945 words - 8 pages

Liberalism - an ideology born in the philosophical revolution to advance equality and individual libertyThe origin of the political ideology that found its name in nineteenth century Spain -Liberales - is found much earlier as a philosophical response to the individual restrictions of medieval Europe (Ball & Dagger, 43). The majority of people living in Europe were controlled by the Catholic Church as "religious and political authorities joined forces to ensure conformity to the doctrines of the Roman Church" (Ball & Dagger, 48). "As feudal relationships were passed down the generations" (Ball & Dagger, 49) individual social as well as religious freedoms were severely restricted ...view middle of the document...

The philosophy of Liberalism suggests that individual freedom to act; protecting the rights of other individuals and without harm to other individuals will produce the correct conditions. Equality of opportunity is the key even as Liberalists argue the merits of welfare versus Libertarianism (Ball & Dagger, 84).The identity of people in the liberal philosophy describes a rational person will act in his or her self interest but will share the same interests of a member of society. That free individuals with individual beliefs will form a coherent society respectful of one another in support of the better good for all. Ultimately, with all of our differences, we will recognize our similarities as the basis of our society (Ball & Dagger, 84-85).The platform that Liberalism exists on mandates individual freedom and opportunity. "Historically this has meant that liberals have opposed religious conformity, ascribed status, economic privileges, political absolutism, and the tyranny of majority opinion" (Ball & Dagger, 85). Freedom from oppressions as these bring solace to all Liberalists and even as disagreements persist regarding the limits of government and individual action and splinters occurs Liberalism retains a fundamental ideology.Liberalism is founded in the belief that the individual is capable of making the correct decision and therefore should have the freedom of personal choice. The Latin root for Liberalism, a derivative of liberal, is liber translated to English as "free" (Ball & Dagger, 45). The political concept of Liberalism separates itself from the definition suggesting easy going and establishes the basis for the protection of individual freedoms. The concept of liberalism as an ideology was a response to overwhelming medieval restrictions and although it was not intended to promote equal advancement of the individual it did champion the idea of equal opportunity. Each individual has the right and therefore the freedom to think, to believe and express themselves, to practice or not any religion and compete for any lawful goal as long as it does not restrict another individual from doing the same. The idea is directly in opposition to the concept that mankind needs the controls of a political or religious overseer to protect the welfare of the society from mans' inherent destructiveness. The philosophical quest for religious freedom, to the political ideology of Liberalism grew through the ideas of many thinkers, writers and eventually political revolution before firmly establishing itself as a standard in today's western civilization.The first hints of Liberalism emerge in philosophical works in the early seventeenth century. Thomas Hobbes fled the turmoil of England toFrance published Leviathan in 1651 (Ball & Dagger, 53). Hobbes is credited with the first major written work to suggest that individuals bear an inherent equality and "a natural right to be free" (Ball & Dagger, 54). Hobbes retained the ideals...

Other Essays Like Liberalism As An Ideology

'Liberalism Is Closely Associated with the Protection of Human Rights and the Promotion of Constitutional Reform' Discuss (30)

1045 words - 5 pages culture which is both tolerant and pluralistic. The pillars on which liberalism was built on suggest that the protection of human rights as well as the promotion of constitutional reform is both intrinsic in liberal aims and ideology. Liberals championed the idea of constitutional reform links to Constitutionalism which refers to the practice of limited government brought about by the existence of a constitution that aims to protect individuals

The Enlightenment Movement Essay

971 words - 4 pages Enlightenment, as it was an era that evoked change. The works of Edmund Burke helped to frame Conservatism in Reflections on the Revolution in France. He asserted that, “the bill of rights was for the men who wrote and the people of England should have no parts in it” (Burke, Paras. 25-29). The ideals of Liberalism were based on the belief that there should be equal opportunities for everyone afforded by set laws (as long as they remained individual


2571 words - 11 pages of the 1930s led an economist named John Maynard Keynes to a theory that challenged liberalism as the best policy for capitalists. He said, in essence, that full employment is necessary for capitalism to grow and it can be achieved only if governments and central banks intervene to increase employment. These ideas had much influence on President Roosevelt's New Deal -- which did improve life for many people. The belief that government should

International Affairs Have Been the Nemesis of Liberalism. the Essence of Liberalism Is Self-Restraint, Moderation, Compromise and Peace Whereas the Essence of International Politics Is Exactly the...

1491 words - 6 pages political system, and how each one effects or not effect us. Realism and liberalism are the two central paradigms in International Relations. They have differing ideas when it comes to explaining how states associate themselves and with each other in the absence of a world government. The realist ideology looks to give emphasis to the conservation of the nation state by seeing that sovereign dominance is a compulsory for its survival, where in

What Personal Accounts For Social Security Should Be

894 words - 4 pages Security, today's workers can expect a certain amount of benefit cut when they retire -- a bad deal indeed.85% of our polities are based on Liberalism. Bush's proposal on the personal accounts for Social Security follows the idea of Liberalism, too.According to the ideology of classical Liberalism, the only time government can act is to prevent harm to others. Three accepted roles of the government are national security, law and order justice

Contemporary Perspectives

3049 words - 13 pages its interrelation with neo-liberalism as they often work together in terms of their effect on crime and criminal justice, especially on a world-wide scale. Susan George (p.16) sums up the connection between globalisation and neo-liberalism effectively as she states that when using the word ‘globalisation’ we must qualify it: “the current cycle is a ‘corporate-led, corporate-driven globalisation’ based on a neo-liberal ideology that has been

To What Extent Have Modern Liberals Departed from the Ideas of Classical Liberalism? (45)

935 words - 4 pages believed in positive freedom whereby individuals were not forced to act in a particular way or make particular decisions but instead provided an environment where they would be encouraged to make a more responsible choice. Another core theme of classic liberalism is individualism. This is the idea where society is described as ‘atomised’ in the sense that one would not, or should not sacrifice the interests of individuals for the interests of

What Is Fascism?

1598 words - 7 pages ). (‘my struggle’) (Connection between fascism as an ideology, and key individuals). To fascists, war was a good thing because it let nations or races decide who was the strongest and who deserved the planet’s resources. (A conclusive sentence, rephrasing the idea). Fascism’s insistence on embracing irrationality is one that makes it hard to comprehend; although Hitler and Mussolini wrote their respective handbooks about fascist beliefs (handbooks

Classical Liberalism vs Classical Conservatism

2112 words - 9 pages Classical Liberalism VS Classical Conservatism Are you Republican or Democrat? Maybe you are Conservative or Liberal? What do these terms mean and how did they begin? Classical Conservatism is defined as “a political philosophy emphasizing the need for the principles of natural law and transcendent moral order.”(Frohnen, Beer, and Nelson, 2006) Classical Liberalism is described as “a philosophy committed to the ideal of limited government and

Democracy as Political Ideology

2100 words - 9 pages What is Ideology? The term ideology has a long, complex and extraordinary rich history. According to Wikipedia free online Encyclopedia define it, "An ideology is a collection of ideas". The word ideology was coined by Count Destutt de Tracy in the late 18th century to define a "science of ideas." An ideology can be thought of as a comprehensive vision, as a way of looking at things (compare Weltanschauung), as in common sense and

Source Analysis

848 words - 4 pages Quaeda and that this false information came from inexperienced Canadian officers. It is crucial for a government to carefully act upon clear, verified information before restricting the rights and freedoms of an individual. Governments should always adhere to the principles of liberalism, but sometimes it is necessary for rights and freedoms to be temporarily suspended. When a government feels that its citizens are in danger as a result of war

Related Papers

Metaphysical Premises And Types Of Liberal Ideology: Liberalism As The End And Liberalism As The Way

3739 words - 15 pages unsatisfactory, insufficient, and needing to be added with such elements as natural rights, social ideal, spiritual community, etc., which could make, in their opinion, this ideology better determined in metaphysical sense. They considered to be a defect of the classical liberalism its pretension to make a system of absolute principles, without alternative, and self-satisfying; the pretension to represent an ideal form of social organization

Political Ideologies Essay

1286 words - 6 pages today; classic liberalism, modern liberalism, and conservatism. Do these three ideologies have the most impact on our economic shaping today? Classic liberalism is an ideology, founded by Adam Smith, to keep government out of the economy. This later became known as conservatism in the United States. Liberalism, derived from the Latin word meaning ?free?, focused on the idea of ?laissez-faire?, or let the economy alone?. The main idea here was to

The Empire Of Good Intention Essay

1260 words - 6 pages witnessed the establishment of the liberalism ideology and fast development of political institutions in the mid-19th century. As Britain continually developed and the public attained more freedom, liberalism was distributed to different colonies, in which settlers in New Zealand, Canada and Australia established their political institutions. In India, however, the British Empire intended to civilize the society in India. The empire used virtues rather

Socialism And Liberalism Essay

719 words - 3 pages ideology where citizens are best served by policies focused on meeting the basic needs of the entire society rather than by policies focused on serving the needs of individuals as individuals. (Grigsby, 2011) Liberalism arose from the writings of John Locke who believed in a limited government and protection of the rights of individuals, this is known as Classical Liberalism. This theory was expanded on in the 19th century and became known as